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      Analysis of the factors related to mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: role of exercise capacity and health status.

      American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine

      Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Exercise Tolerance, Health Status Indicators, Humans, Japan, epidemiology, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Prognosis, Proportional Hazards Models, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, diagnosis, mortality, Risk, Survival Analysis

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          Abstract

          In this study, we analyzed the relationships of exercise capacity and health status to mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We recruited 150 male outpatients with stable COPD with a mean postbronchodilator FEV1 at 47.4% of predicted. Their pulmonary function, progressive cycle ergometry, and health status using the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire, the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), and the Breathing Problems Questionnaire were measured at entry. Among 144 patients who were available for the 5-year follow-up, 31 had died. Univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that the SGRQ total score and the Breathing Problems Questionnaire were significantly correlated with mortality; however, with the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire, the total score was not significantly correlated. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that the peak oxygen uptake and the SGRQ total score were both predictive of mortality, independent of FEV1 and age. Stepwise Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that the peak oxygen uptake was the most significant predictor of mortality. We found that exercise capacity and health status were significantly correlated with mortality, although different health status measures had different abilities to predict mortality. These results will have a potentially great impact on the multidimensional evaluation of disease severity in COPD.

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          Journal
          12446268
          10.1164/rccm.200206-583OC

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