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A Secondary Replication Attempt of Stereotype Susceptibility (Shih, Pittinsky, & Ambady, 1999)

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      Abstract

      Prior work suggests that awareness of stereotypes about a person’s in-group can affect a person’s behavior and performance when they complete a stereotype-relevant task, a phenomenon called stereotype susceptibility (Shih, Pittinsky, & Ambady, 1999). In a preregistered confirmatory design, we found that priming Asian women with social identities associated with math stereotypes did not influence their performance on a subsequent mathematics exam, and hypothesized moderators did not account for the effect. The conditions necessary to obtain the original results are not yet fully understood.

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      Stereotype Susceptibility: Identity Salience and Shifts in Quantitative Performance

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        A Replication Attempt of Stereotype Susceptibility ( )

        Awareness of stereotypes about a person’s in-group can affect a person’s behavior and performance when they complete a stereotype-relevant task, a phenomenon called stereotype susceptibility. Shih, Pittinsky, and Ambady (1999) primed Asian American women with either their Asian identity (stereotyped with high math ability) or female identity (stereotyped with low math ability) or no priming before administering a math test. Of the three groups, Asian-primed participants performed best on the math test, female-primed participants performed worst. The article is a citation classic, but the original studies and conceptual replications have low sample sizes and wide confidence intervals. We conducted a replication of Shih et al. (1999) with a large sample and found a significant effect with the same pattern of means after removing participants that did not know the race or gender stereotypes, but not when those participants were retained. Math identification did not moderate the observed effects.
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          A replication attempt of stereotype susceptibility: Identity salience and shifts in quantitative performance

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [ 1 ] University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
            Author notes
            Alice Moon, Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, alicemoon@ 123456berkeley.edu
            Journal
            zsp
            Social Psychology
            Hogrefe Publishing
            1864-9335
            2151-2590
            May 2014
            2014
            : 45
            : 3
            : 199-201
            zsp_45_3_199
            10.1027/1864-9335/a000193
            Product
            Self URI (journal-page): https://econtent.hogrefe.com/loi/zsp
            Categories
            Replication

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