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      Levels of racism: a theoretic framework and a gardener's tale

      American Journal of Public Health
      American Public Health Association

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          Abstract

          The author presents a theoretic framework for understanding racism on 3 levels: institutionalized, personally mediated, and internalized. This framework is useful for raising new hypotheses about the basis of race-associated differences in health outcomes, as well as for designing effective interventions to eliminate those differences. She then presents an allegory about a gardener with 2 flower boxes, rich and poor soil, and red and pink flowers. This allegory illustrates the relationship between the 3 levels of racism and may guide our thinking about how to intervene to mitigate the impacts of racism on health. It may also serve as a tool for starting a national conversation on racism.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          American Journal of Public Health
          Am J Public Health
          American Public Health Association
          0090-0036
          1541-0048
          August 2000
          August 2000
          : 90
          : 8
          : 1212-1215
          Article
          10.2105/AJPH.90.8.1212
          1446334
          10936998
          025d03e7-7a86-414f-99b7-caf8cd7f341a
          © 2000
          History

          Molecular medicine,Neurosciences
          Molecular medicine, Neurosciences

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