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      Immunoreactive Delta Sleep-Inducing Peptide in the Rat Hypothalamus, Pituitary and Adrenal Gland: Effects of Adrenalectomy

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          Abstract

          Immunoreactive (IR) delta sleep-inducing peptide (DSIP) was examined by immunocytochemistry in the rat pituitary and adrenal gland and found to be colocalized with IR thyroid-stimulating hormone in the pituitary and with noradrenaline in the adrenal medulla. IR-DSIP was also detectable in nerve fibers in the posterior pituitary. By radioimmunoassay, IR-DSIP was quantified in plasma and tissue extracts after uni- or bilateral adrenalectomy. Significantly elevated plasma levels of IR-DSIP were measured 5 days after bilateral adrenalectomy (p < 0.001). IR-DSIP was increased (p < 0.05) in pituitary extracts from bilaterally adrenalectomized rats after 5 days, but not after 14 or 28 days. Sham- and unoperated animals did not significantly differ in plasma or tissue concentration of IR-DSIP. High-performance liquid chromatography of C<sub>18</sub> SEP-PAK® purified hypothalamus extracts revealed a single peak of IR-DSIP material of lower hydrophobicity than synthetic DSIP. The elevated concentration of IR-DSIP in the rat pituitary and plasma after bilateral adrenalectomy is consistent with the previously suggested role of DSIP to influence the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1991
          1991
          02 December 2008
          : 36
          : 1-2
          : 52-62
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Medical Cell Research, and bDepartment of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, University of Lund, Sweden
          Article
          182108 Horm Res 1991;36:52–62
          10.1159/000182108
          1814802
          026d076e-2635-4b7b-a48e-7b9cb44664c0
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          History
          : 01 October 1991
          : 19 November 1991
          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Endocrinology & Diabetes,Neurology,Nutrition & Dietetics,Sexual medicine,Internal medicine,Pharmacology & Pharmaceutical medicine
          Coexistence,High-performance liquid chromatography,Stress,Neuropeptides,Radioimmunoassay

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