Objective To explore the influence of personalized normative feedback interventions on precaution of adolescents' Internet addiction, and to provide a new perspective for intervention in youth health online.
Methods A total of 170 students from the second grade in a middle school and a high school of Fuzhou Province were randomly selected between April and May in 2016. By using the pretest post-test control group design, 90 adolescents in experimental group received personalized normative feedback interventions, while the 80 adolescents in control group were tested without interventions.
Results At 1 - month after intervention, students in the intervention group showed positive results relative to those in the control group on variables associated with online behavior, including the online time of students in experimental group and the index of their internet addiction have significantly reduced ( t = 2.79 and 3.09, P<0.01). Simultaneously, the estimate of the online time towards the experimental group students has decreased ( t = 3.75 and 3.74, P<0.01), the estimate of the proportion of study uses has decreased ( t = −2.56, P<0.05).
Conclusion The personalized normative feedback interventions, to some extent, has some precautions on the adolescents' behaviors of internet addiction.
【摘要】 目的 探讨个体化常模反馈干预对预防青少年网络成瘾的作用, 为青少年健康上网提供新的干预视角。 方 法于 2016 年 4—5 月, 随机抽取福州市某中学初二和髙二年级170名学生, 采用实验组-对照组前后测设计对实验组 90 名青少年的上网行为进行个体化常模反馈干预、对照组 80 名青少年的上网行为无反馈研究。 结果 在 1 个月后的追踪测 査发现, 相比于对照组, 接受个体化常模反馈干预的实验组自身上网时间减少 ( t = 2.79, P<0.01), 网络成瘾倾向得分降低 ( t = 3.09, P<0.01); 同时, 实验组对常模群体上网时间的估计显著减少 ( t 值分别为 3.75, 3.74, P值均<0.01), 对同年级常模群 体的上网学习用途比例估计增加 ( t = −2.56, P<0.05)。 结论 个体化常模反馈干预能促使青少年对常模群体的上网行为 形成更加准确的认知, 同时能有效降低青少年的上网时间和网络成瘾倾向。