Serotonin (5-HT) appeared billions of years before 5-HT receptors and synapses. It is thus not surprising that 5-HT can control biological processes independently of its receptors. One example is serotonylation, which consists of covalent binding of 5-HT to the primary amine of glutamine. Over the past 20 years, serotonylation has been involved in the regulation of many signaling mechanisms. One of the most striking examples is the recent evidence that serotonylation of histone H3 constitutes an epigenetic mark. However, the pathophysiological role of histone H3 serotonylation remains to be discovered. All but one of the 5-HT receptors are G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The signaling pathways they control are finely tuned, and new, unexpected regulatory mechanisms are being uncovered continuously. Some 5-HT receptors (5-HT 2C, 5-HT 4, 5-HT 6, and 5-HT 7) signal through mechanisms that require neither G-proteins nor β-arrestins, the two classical and almost universal GPCR signal transducers. 5-HT 6 receptors are constitutively activated via their association with intracellular GPCR-interacting proteins (GIPs), including neurofibromin 1, cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5), and G-protein-regulated inducer of neurite outgrowth 1 (GPRIN1). Interactions of 5-HT 6 receptor with Cdk5 and GPRIN1 are not concomitant but occur sequentially and play a key role in dendritic tree morphogenesis. Furthermore, 5-HT 6 receptor-mediated G-protein signaling in neurons is different in the cell body and primary cilium, where it is modulated by smoothened receptor activation. Finally, 5-HT 2A receptors form heteromers with mGlu 2 metabotropic glutamate receptors. This heteromerization results in a specific phosphorylation of mGlu 2 receptor on a serine residue (Ser 843) upon agonist stimulation of 5-HT 2A or mGlu 2 receptor. mGlu 2 receptor phosphorylation on Ser 843 is an essential step in engagement of G i/o signaling not only upon mGlu 2 receptor activation but also following 5-HT 2A receptor activation, and thus represents a key molecular event underlying functional crosstalk between both receptors.