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      Use of a cDNA microarray to analyse gene expression patterns in human cancer.

      Nature genetics

      Animals, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6, DNA Probes, DNA, Complementary, Gene Expression, Genetic Techniques, Humans, Melanoma, genetics, Mice, Mice, Nude, RNA, Messenger, metabolism, Tumor Cells, Cultured

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          Abstract

          The development and progression of cancer and the experimental reversal of tumorigenicity are accompanied by complex changes in patterns of gene expression. Microarrays of cDNA provide a powerful tool for studying these complex phenomena. The tumorigenic properties of a human melanoma cell line, UACC-903, can be suppressed by introduction of a normal human chromosome 6, resulting in a reduction of growth rate, restoration of contact inhibition, and suppression of both soft agar clonogenicity and tumorigenicity in nude mice. We used a high density microarray of 1,161 DNA elements to search for differences in gene expression associated with tumour suppression in this system. Fluorescent probes for hybridization were derived from two sources of cellular mRNA [UACC-903 and UACC-903(+6)] which were labelled with different fluors to provide a direct and internally controlled comparison of the mRNA levels corresponding to each arrayed gene. The fluorescence signals representing hybridization to each arrayed gene were analysed to determine the relative abundance in the two samples of mRNAs corresponding to each gene. Previously unrecognized alterations in the expression of specific genes provide leads for further investigation of the genetic basis of the tumorigenic phenotype of these cells.

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          Most cited references 14

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          A DNA microarray system for analyzing complex DNA samples using two-color fluorescent probe hybridization.

          Detecting and determining the relative abundance of diverse individual sequences in complex DNA samples is a recurring experimental challenge in analyzing genomes. We describe a general experimental approach to this problem, using microscopic arrays of DNA fragments on glass substrates for differential hybridization analysis of fluorescently labeled DNA samples. To test the system, 864 physically mapped lambda clones of yeast genomic DNA, together representing >75% of the yeast genome, were arranged into 1.8-cm x 1.8-cm arrays, each containing a total of 1744 elements. The microarrays were characterized by simultaneous hybridization of two different sets of isolated yeast chromosomes labeled with two different fluorophores. A laser fluorescent scanner was used to detect the hybridization signals from the two fluorophores. The results demonstrate the utility of DNA microarrays in the analysis of complex DNA samples. This system should find numerous applications in genome-wide genetic mapping, physical mapping, and gene expression studies.
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            The I.M.A.G.E. Consortium: an integrated molecular analysis of genomes and their expression.

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              The multistep nature of cancer

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                8944026
                10.1038/ng1296-457

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