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      Dipyridamole Myocardial Perfusion Tomography in Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis

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          Abstract

          Patients with aortic stenosis (AS) may have classic angina pectoris. The safety of exercise testing in adults with AS is controversial and, in fact, exercise testing in such patients is considered to be contraindicated especially in severe aortic stenosis (SAS). Furthermore, exercise testing has low specificity in uncovering coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with AS, because the baseline ECG is frequently abnormal. We wished to assess the safety and diagnostic accuracy of dipyridamole stress myocardial perfusion tomography (DMPT) in the detection of CAD in patients with SAS. Methods: The study included 30 patients with SAS (mean aortic valve area 0.57 ± 0.09 cm<sup>2</sup>). All patients underwent dipyridamole myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (SPECT), coronary arteriography and catheterization, as well as Doppler echocardiography. Myocardial perfusion tomography was applied with <sup>99m</sup>Tc hexakis-2-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) by a single day rest-dipyridamole infusion protocol. Hemodynamic, electrocardiographic and clinical responses were compared with those of 50 control patients without AS. Results: Hemodynamic responses during dipyridamole stress tests demonstrated no significant differences between the controls and the AS patients in the following parameters: systolic blood pressure, heart rate, rate-pressure product or incidence of headache, chest pain, dyspnea, flushing and dizziness. A reversible perfusion defect was observed in 10 patients with DMPT. The existence of coronary lesions was determined by coronary arteriography in 8 of 10 patients (sensitivity 100%, specificity 91%). Conclusion: The results showed that DMPT is well tolerated, even by patients with SAS and is of high diagnostic value in assessing CAD.

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          Echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular hypertrophy: comparison to necropsy findings.

          To determine the accuracy of echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) dimension and mass measurements for detection and quantification of LV hypertrophy, results of blindly read antemortem echocardiograms were compared with LV mass measurements made at necropsy in 55 patients. LV mass was calculated using M-mode LV measurements by Penn and American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) conventions and cube function and volume correction formulas in 52 patients. Penn-cube LV mass correlated closely with necropsy LV mass (r = 0.92, p less than 0.001) and overestimated it by only 6%; sensitivity in 18 patients with LV hypertrophy (necropsy LV mass more than 215 g) was 100% (18 of 18 patients) and specificity was 86% (29 of 34 patients). ASE-cube LV mass correlated similarly to necropsy LV mass (r = 0.90, p less than 0.001), but systematically overestimated it (by a mean of 25%); the overestimation could be corrected by the equation: LV mass = 0.80 (ASE-cube LV mass) + 0.6 g. Use of ASE measurements in the volume correction formula systematically underestimated necropsy LV mass (by a mean of 30%). In a subset of 9 patients, 3 of whom had technically inadequate M-mode echocardiograms, 2-dimensional echocardiographic (echo) LV mass by 2 methods was also significantly related to necropsy LV mass (r = 0.68, p less than 0.05 and r = 0.82, p less than 0.01). Among other indexes of LV anatomy, only measurement of myocardial cross-sectional area was acceptably accurate for quantitation of LV mass (r = 0.80, p less than 0.001) or diagnosis of LV hypertrophy (sensitivity = 72%, specificity = 94%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            CRD
            Cardiology
            10.1159/issn.0008-6312
            Cardiology
            S. Karger AG
            0008-6312
            1421-9751
            2002
            March 2002
            07 March 2002
            : 97
            : 1
            : 37-42
            Affiliations
            Departments of aNuclear Medicine, and bCardiology, Koşuyolu Heart and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
            Article
            47417 Cardiology 2002;97:37–42
            10.1159/000047417
            11893828
            02c7678b-49e0-4576-9a82-6d060c33a0b7
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            History
            Page count
            Figures: 2, Tables: 2, References: 32, Pages: 6
            Categories
            Noninvasive and Diagnostic Cardiology

            General medicine,Neurology,Cardiovascular Medicine,Internal medicine,Nephrology
            Myocardial perfusion tomography,Dipyridamole,Severe aortic stenosis

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