Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Osimertinib-induced interstitial lung disease in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer pretreated with nivolumab: A case report.

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Osimertinib (AZD9291) is a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for EGFR-T790M-positive non-small cell lung cancer. A high incidence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) during combination treatment with osimertinib and anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor has been reported. The current study presents a case of ILD development during osimertinib treatment following nivolumab (an anti-PD-1 antibody) treatment. The 59-year-old female was diagnosed with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma harboring a deletion in exon 19 of the EGFR gene. Following nivolumab as a sixth-line treatment, an EGFR-T790M-encoding mutation in EGFR exon 20 was identified by re-biopsy. Osimertinib was therefore initiated as a seventh-line treatment. A partial response was subsequently noted; however, 63 days after initiation of the treatment the patient presented with dyspnea with decreased oxygenation in the absence of fever and sputum. A computed tomography scan revealed the emergence of ground-glass opacities with bronchiectasis in both lungs, and a diagnosis of ILD due to osimertinib was made. Following steroid pulse therapy with discontinuation of osimertinib, the patient's chest findings and respiratory condition improved. Therefore, it is considered that anti-PD-1 therapies may be associated with a risk of ILD during subsequent osimertinib treatment.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          Mol Clin Oncol
          Molecular and clinical oncology
          Spandidos Publications
          2049-9450
          2049-9450
          Sep 2017
          : 7
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Respiratory Medicine, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Aichi 467-8601, Japan.
          Article
          MCO-0-0-1349
          10.3892/mco.2017.1349
          5543261
          28808573

          Comments

          Comment on this article