This research intended to study the mechanism of pravastatin in myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury.
Altogether 70 male rats were selected and grouped into Sham operation group (Sham group), ischemia reperfusion group (I/R group), pravastatin pretreatment group (I/R+P group), I/R+miR-93-mimics, I/R+P+miR-93-mimics, I/R+Nrf2 siRNA, and I/R+P+Nrf2 siRNA group. The myocardial function of each group was detected.
Myocardial I/R injury could lead to abnormal myocardial enzyme activity, inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress. However, pravastatin could significantly inhibit the activity of myocardial enzymes, alleviate inflammatory reaction and inhibit oxidative stress reaction, thus playing a protective role. Furthermore, cell experiments showed that pravastatin can alleviate the injury of H9C2 myocardial cells caused by I/R, inhibit the apoptosis of myocardial cells, and lead to a significant reduction in pro-apoptotic genes Bax, caspase-3 and caspase-9 transcription levels, an obvious increase in anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2, and an increase in cell activity. After I/R induced injury, miR-93 level was significantly up-regulated and Nrf2 level was down-regulated. Over-expression of miR-93 or inhibition of Nrf2 expression would lead to further aggravation of I/R myocardial injury, increase the apoptosis rate of cells and decrease the activity of myocardial cells. Pravastatin administration could inhibit miR-93, activate and promote Nrf2 in myocardial tissue, and promote protein expression of downstream regulatory genes HO-1 and NQO1. In the I/R model, pravastatin was given. Over-expression of miR-93 or silencing Nrf2 could reverse the therapeutic effect of pravastatin on I/R.