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      Discordant Evolution of Asymptomatic Proteinuria in Identical Twins

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          Abstract

          We describe a pair of 17-year-old identical twin brothers with asymptomatic proteinuria, one of whom showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) while the other showed immunoglobulin M (IgM) nephropathy. For each twin, audiological examination was normal. There was no family history of renal failure, deafness, or hematuria. HLA typing revealed an identical phenotype consisting of A25, A33, B44, B54, Cw1, Cw7, DR7 and DRB1. There is still controversy about whether minimal change disease, IgM nephropathy, and FSGS are discrete entities or different aspects of the same disease. The coexistence of IgM nephropathy and FSGS in identical twins suggests that the same genetic factors may be involved in the development of both diseases. However, although the brothers are identical twins, they had different eating habits and body weight. The twin who preferred to eat a protein-rich diet and who was heavier developed early proteinuria and manifested FSGS on renal biopsy. The discordant evolution of asymptomatic proteinuria in identical twins may provide a clue for the existence of environmental factors on the progression from IgM nephropathy to FSGS. Therefore, this report provides indirect support for the hypothesis that IgM nephropathy and FSGS represent different aspects in the spectrum of a single disease.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1999
          June 1999
          04 June 1999
          : 82
          : 2
          : 174-179
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University, College of Medicine, Cheongju; bDepartment of Internal Medicine and cDepartment of Pathology, Samsung Seoul Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
          Article
          45394 Nephron 1999;82:174–179
          10.1159/000045394
          10364710
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, References: 23, Pages: 6
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45394
          Categories
          Case Report

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