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      Upregulation of Gap Junctional Intercellular Communication in Immortalized Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Neurons by Stimulation of the Cyclic AMP Pathway

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          Abstract

          Increased gap junctional intercellular communication induced by agents that stimulate the adenylyl cyclase/cAMP pathway was observed in the GnRH-secreting neuronal cell line, GT1-7, and possible underlying mechanisms were examined. A 24-hour treatment of GT1-7 neurons with 100 µ M dibutyryl cAMP + 100 µ M IBMX or with 2 µ M forskolin increased by greater than 2-fold the percentage of cells that were dye coupled, using the noninvasive dye coupling assay, fluorescent recovery after photobleaching (FRAP). Longer treatment times (48 h) and higher concentrations of dibutyryl cAMP (500 µ M) did not further increase the percentage of dye-coupled cells, while there was no increase in dye coupling observed between untreated cells and cells treated for 2 h or less. The increase in dye coupling induced by dibutyryl cAMP/IBMX was inhibited by octanol or dieldrin, agents known to block gap junction-mediated intercellular coupling in other cell types. Western blot analysis of total protein or membrane protein-enriched extracts revealed no apparent difference in the cellular levels of connexin 26, a connexin subtype previously shown to be expressed by GT1-7 cells, between untreated cells and cells treated for 24 h with dibutyryl cAMP/IBMX or forskolin. In addition, expression of connexin 32 or 43 protein before or after treatment was not detected. On the other hand, a dramatic increase in both the number of neurites and neurites that immunostained positive for connexin 26 was observed in dibutyryl cAMP/IBMX-treated cells. We hypothesize that the observed increase in dye coupling between GT1-7 neurons following stimulation of the adenylyl cyclase/cAMP pathway results from an augmentation of cell-cell contacts due to an increased number of neurites containing gap junctional plaques, possibly through an effect on cellular differentiation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1996
          1996
          09 April 2008
          : 64
          : 4
          : 286-297
          Affiliations
          Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Mich., USA
          Article
          127130 Neuroendocrinology 1996;64:286–297
          10.1159/000127130
          8895858
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Regulation of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone

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