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      Innervation and Effects of Dilatory Neuropeptides on Cerebral Vessels

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          Abstract

          The cerebral circulation is supplied with two vasodilator systems: the parasympathetic system storing vasoactive intestinal peptide, peptide histidine isoleucine, acetylcholine and in a subpopulation of nerves neuropeptid Y, and the sensory system, mainly originating in the trigeminal ganglion, storing substance P, neurokinin A and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Recent knowledge of the innervation and effects of the dilator neuropeptides in the cerebral circulation is reviewed. Their role in the pathophysiology of subarachnoid hemorrhage and migraine has now received attention, with documentation of a clear linkage with the release of CGRP. In subarachnoid hemorrhage, other perivascular peptides are, to a lesser extent, involved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5380-3
          978-3-318-01726-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1991
          1991
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 1-3
          : 35-45
          Affiliations
          Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
          Article
          158841 Blood Vessels 1991;28:35–45
          10.1159/000158841
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Neuronal Control of Vascular Function

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