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      Online Education: Worldwide Status, Challenges, Trends, and Implications

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          Review: Knowledge Management and Knowledge Management Systems: Conceptual Foundations and Research Issues

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            Computer-Mediated Collaborative Learning: An Empirical Evaluation

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              Three generations of distance education pedagogy

              This paper defines and examines three generations of distance education pedagogy. Unlike earlier classifications of distance education based on the technology used, this analysis focuses on the pedagogy that defines the learning experiences encapsulated in the learning design. The three generations of cognitive-behaviourist, social constructivist, and connectivist pedagogy are examined, using the familiar community of inquiry model (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000) with its focus on social, cognitive, and teaching presences. Although this typology of pedagogies could also be usefully applied to campus-based education, the need for and practice of openness and explicitness in distance education content and process makes the work especially relevant to distance education designers, teachers, and developers. The article concludes that high-quality distance education exploits all three generations as determined by the learning content, context, and learning expectations.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Global Information Technology Management
                Journal of Global Information Technology Management
                Informa UK Limited
                1097-198X
                2333-6846
                November 26 2018
                October 02 2018
                November 26 2018
                October 02 2018
                : 21
                : 4
                : 233-241
                Affiliations
                [1 ] College of Management, Long Island University Post, Brookville, NY, USA
                [2 ] Management Development Institute Gurgaon, Gurgaon, India
                [3 ] Indian Institute of Management Sambalpur, Gurgaon, Odisha, India
                Article
                10.1080/1097198X.2018.1542262
                0398b45f-5cdf-4935-bff0-2b421f99b615
                © 2018
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