Objective To explore the effects and correlation of gross motor intervention on social skills of autistic children. To provide new ideas for rehabilitation intervention of autistic children’s social ability.
Methods Recruiting 23 autistic children through WeChat in Nanchang, randomly divided into experimental groups ( n = 13) and control group ( n = 10). The experimental group underwent 6 weeks of large muscle exercise intervention, in the control group, Test of Gross Motor Development-3 (TGMD3), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) and the Autism Social Skills Scale (ASSS) examined changes in social skills, and analyze the relationship between sports and social ability.
Results TGMD-3 score in the intervention group before intervention was (34.31±9.79) and increased significantly after intervention (59.77±13.92) ( t = −15.28, P<0.01). There was no statistical significance before and after experiment in the control group ( P >0.05). The scores of SRS and ASSS in the experimental group were (96.77±15.79, 97.31±29.22) before the intervention, and (82.92±15.86, 117.62±24.93) after the intervention, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 4.55, −5.61, P<0.01). The difference between the SRS and ASSS scores of the control group before and after experiment was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Both the TGMD-3 score and the object manipulation score were related to the SRS total score ( r = −0.49, −0.45) and ASSS total score ( r = 0.54, 0.51) ( P<0.05).
Conclusion Gross motor intervention can improve the motor and social skills of children with autism, and there is a positive correlation between motor ability and social skills in children with autism.
【摘要】 目的 探究大肌肉运动干预对孤独症儿童运动及社交能力的影响, 并分析运动与社交能力间的相关性, 为孤独 症儿童社交能力的康复干预提供新思路。 方法 通过微信公众号在南昌市招募 23 名确诊孤独症儿童, 随机分为实验组 (13 名) 和对照组 (10 名), 实验组进行 6 周的大肌肉运动干预, 对照组保持原有生活状态, 通过大肌肉动作发展测试第 3 版 (TGMD-3) 量表检测运动能力的变化, 社交反应量表 (SRS)、孤独症儿童社会技能评定量表 (ASSS) 检测社交能力的变 化, 并分析运动与社交能力的相互关系。 结果 干预前实验组TGMD-3得分为 (34.31±19.79) 分, 干预后为 (59.77±13.92) 分, 差异有统计学意义 ( t = −15.28, P<0.01)。干预前实验组 SRS 与 ASSS 得分分别为 (96.77±15.79,97.31±29.22) 分, 干预 后分别为 (82.92± 15.86,117.62±24.93) 分, 差异均有统计学意义 ( t 值分别为 4.55, −5.61, P 值均<0.01)。干预后对照组 TG-MD-3、SRS 与ASSS得分较干预前差异均无统计学意义 ( P 值均>0.05)。大肌肉运动能力和物体操控能力与SRS总分、ASSS 总分相关均有统计学意义 ( r SRS 值分别为 −0.49, −0.45; r ASSS 值分别为 0.54,0.51, P 值均<0.05)。 结论 大肌肉运动干 预能够提髙孤独症儿童的运动能力和社交能力, 孤独症儿童运动能力与社交能力之间具有正相关。