Contamination of water systems with organic compounds of agricultural uses pose threats to aquatic organisms. Carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, and diuron were considered as model aquatic pollutants in this study. The main objective of this study was to characterize the toxicity of organic contamination to two different aquatic organisms.
Low concentrations (0.0–60 µmol/L) of carbaryl, diuron and very low concentration (0.0–0.14 µmol/L) of chlorpyrifos and their mixtures were tested against fish and Daphnia magna. Percentage of death and immobilization were taken as indicators of toxicity.
Toxicity results to fish and D. magna showed that chlorpyrifos was the most toxic compound (LC 50 to fish and D. magna are 0.08, and 0.001 µmol/L respectively), followed by carbaryl (LC 50 to fish and D. magna are 43.19 and 0.031 µmol/L), while diuron was the least toxic one (LC 50 values for fish and D. magna are 43.48 and 32.11 µmol/L respectively). Mixture toxicity (binary and tertiary mixtures) showed antagonistic effects. Statistical analysis showed a significant difference among mixture toxicities to fish and D. magma.