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      Myocardial Ischemia and Ventricular Arrhythmias in Relation to Left Ventricular Mass and Resistance Artery Structure

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          Abstract

          The study comprised 83 patients, mean ( ± SD) age 47 ± 8 years, with essential hypertension. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure at inclusion were 171 ± 16 and 110 ± 7 mm Hg, respectively. Two small resistance arteries were dissected from a subcutaneous gluteal biopsy and mounted in an isometric small vessel myograph for measurement of the media:lumen ratio. Left ventricular mass (LVM) was estimated by echocardiography, and the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias was assessed by ambulatory ECG for 48 h. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) occurred in 67% of the patients. Systolic function was generally unimpaired. ST depression was found in 75%, and ventricular arrhythmias in 45%. Twenty-two patients had permanent ST depression, and they had also greater LVM and more frequent ventricular arrhythmias than those without permanent ST depression. The area under the ST trend curve of all significant ST depressions was correlated to the LVM (r = 0.42, p < 0.001). Patients with arrhythmias had significantly greater area under the ST trend curve of all significant ST depressions than patients without arrhythmias (p < 0.05). In patients with LVH and permanent ST depression, the media:lumen ratio of the peripheral vessels was greater than that of patients with LVH but without permanent ST depression (11.6 ± 2.9 vs. 9.8 ± 2.0, p < 0.01). This suggests that hypertensive structural changes similar to those observed in peripheral vessels might occur in the walls of myocardial resistance arteries.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          19 November 2008
          : 88
          : 2
          : 141-146
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine and Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Medicine, Viborg Hospital, and Institute of Pharmacology, University of Aarhus, Denmark
          Article
          177320 Cardiology 1997;88:141–146
          10.1159/000177320
          9096913
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          General Cardiology

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