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      The effect of postrehabilitation programmes among individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

      The European Respiratory Journal
      Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Exercise Therapy, Exercise Tolerance, physiology, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Health Status, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Program Evaluation, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, physiopathology, rehabilitation, Quality of Life, Respiratory Function Tests, Self-Help Groups, Time Factors

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          Abstract

          The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two post-rehabilitation programmes on functional exercise tolerance and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Subjects with COPD (n=109) were randomised to receive either enhanced follow-up (EF) or conventional follow-up (CF). Subjects in the EF group attended a monthly support group and received a telephone call from a staff member at the midpoint (2 weeks) between their visits. Both groups had scheduled appointments with a physical therapist and physician at 3-monthly intervals after discharge. Longitudinal data were recorded in 85 subjects (37 EF and 48 CF). Over the course of the study, there was no difference in distance walked in 6 min between the two groups but a significant difference for time and a group-time interaction. There was no difference in total chronic respiratory disease questionnaire score between groups at baseline or at any time interval despite a significant difference with time. There was a clear deterioration in functional exercise capacity and health-related quality of life after completion of respiratory rehabilitation but no difference between the groups.

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