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      Application of high rate integrated anaerobic-aerobic/biogranular activated carbon sequencing batch reactor (IAnA-BioGACSBR) for treating strong municipal landfill leachate

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          Abstract

          The aim of the present study is to evaluate the application of high rate integrated anaerobic-aerobic/biogranular activated carbon sequencing batch reactor (IAnA-BioGACSBR) to treat raw strong leachate from open dumping of municipal solid waste. The influence of two important and effective independent variables, COD concentrations and volumetric filling rate with GAC, onto the leachate treatment were investigated. Three responses such as TKN, BOD and COD were considered for evaluating the interaction of parameters. The results showed that maximum BOD 5 removal of 98.9% in anaerobic zone and 99% in aerobic zone was obtained at the highest values of COD (~30000 mg/L) and filling ratio (~50%). The highest values of COD removal efficiency were found to be 98.54% and 98%, at COD rate of 10000 mg/L and GAC of 35%, respectively. The highest removal values of TKN was 77.2% and 78.9% in anaerobic and aerobic zone, respectively. Under optimal conditions, compared with the SBR and the GAC-SBR performances, results reveal that the application of the GAC-SBR has shown better effluent characteristics. Based on the results, it can be asserted that the application of the high rate IAnA-BioGACSBR for the treatment of biodegradable landfill leachate was more effective.

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          Most cited references 37

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          Landfill leachate treatment: Review and opportunity.

          In most countries, sanitary landfilling is nowadays the most common way to eliminate municipal solid wastes (MSW). In spite of many advantages, generation of heavily polluted leachates, presenting significant variations in both volumetric flow and chemical composition, constitutes a major drawback. Year after year, the recognition of landfill leachate impact on environment has forced authorities to fix more and more stringent requirements for pollution control. This paper is a review of landfill leachate treatments. After the state of art, a discussion put in light an opportunity and some results of the treatment process performances are given. Advantages and drawbacks of the various treatments are discussed under the items: (a) leachate transfer, (b) biodegradation, (c) chemical and physical methods and (d) membrane processes. Several tables permit to review and summarize each treatment efficiency depending on operating conditions. Finally, considering the hardening of the standards of rejection, conventional landfill leachate treatment plants appear under-dimensioned or do not allow to reach the specifications required by the legislator. So that, new technologies or conventional ones improvements have been developed and tried to be financially attractive. Today, the use of membrane technologies, more especially reverse osmosis (RO), either as a main step in a landfill leachate treatment chain or as single post-treatment step has shown to be an indispensable means of achieving purification.
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            Landfill leachate treatment methods: A review

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              Comparison of two biological treatment processes using attached-growth biomass for sanitary landfill leachate treatment.

              The objective of this investigation was to compare two biological systems using attached-growth biomass, for treatment of leachates generated in a typical municipal solid waste sanitary landfill. A moving-bed biofilm process, which is a relatively new type of biological treatment system, has been examined. It is based on the use of small, free-floating polymeric (polyurethane) elements, while biomass is being grown and attached as biofilm on the surface of these porous carriers. A granular activated carbon (GAC) moving-bed biofilm process was also tested. This method combines both physico-chemical and biological removal mechanisms for the removal of pollutants. The presence of GAC offers a suitable porous media, which is able to adsorb both organic matter and ammonia, as well as to provide an appropriate surface onto which biomass can be attached and grown. A laboratory-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was used for the examination of both carriers. The effects of different operation strategies on the efficiency of these biological treatment processes were studied in order to optimize their performance, especially for the removal of nitrogen compounds and of biodegradable organic matter. It has been found that these processes were able to remove nitrogen content almost completely and simultaneously, the removal of organic matter (expressed as BOD5 and COD), color and turbidity were sufficiently achieved.
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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ]ISNI 0000 0001 2012 5829, GRID grid.412112.5, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, , Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, ; Kermanshah, Iran
                [2 ]Technical University of Iași, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection, Chemical Engineering Department, Iasi, Romania
                [3 ]ISNI 0000 0001 2012 5829, GRID grid.412112.5, Student Research Committee, , Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, ; Kermanshah, Iran
                [4 ]ISNI 0000 0001 0619 1117, GRID grid.412125.1, King Fahd Medical Research Center, , King Abdulaziz University, ; Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
                Contributors
                parvaneh.molok@yahoo.com
                ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9820-2078, ashraf.gm@gmail.com
                Journal
                Sci Rep
                Sci Rep
                Scientific Reports
                Nature Publishing Group UK (London )
                2045-2322
                8 June 2017
                8 June 2017
                2017
                : 7
                2936
                10.1038/s41598-017-02936-1
                5465075
                28596598
                © The Author(s) 2017

                Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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