Madson Q Almeida 1 , 2 , Laura C Kaupert 1 , Luciana P Brito 1 , Antonio M Lerario 1 , Beatriz M P Mariani 1 , Marta Ribeiro 3 , Osmar Monte 3 , Francisco T Denes 4 , Berenice B Mendonca 1 , Tânia ASS Bachega , 1
12 May 2014
Although chronic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and androgen hyperstimulation are assumed to be involved in the pathogenesis of adrenal myelolipomas associated with poor-compliance patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), the expression of their receptors has not yet been demonstrated in these tumors so far.
We analyzed Melanocortin 2 receptor ( MC2R) , Androgen Receptor (AR), Leptin ( LEP) , and Steroidogenic factor 1 ( SF1) expression using real-time qRT-PCR in two giant bilateral adrenal myelolipomas from two untreated simple virilizing CAH cases and in two sporadic adrenal myelolipomas. In addition, the X -chromosome inactivation pattern and CAG repeat number s in AR exon 1 gene were evaluated in the 4 cases.
The MC2R gene was overexpressed in myelolipomas from 3 out of 4 patients. AR overexpression was detected in 2 tumors: a giant bilateral myelolipoma in a CAH patient and a sporadic case. Simultaneous overexpression of AR and MC2R genes was found in two of the cases. Interestingly, the bilateral giant myelolipoma associated with CAH that had high androgen and ACTH levels but lacked MC2R and AR overexpression presented a significantly shorter AR allele compared with other tumors. In addition, X-chromosome inactivation pattern analysis showed a polyclonal origin in all tumors, suggesting a stimulatory effect as the trigger for tumor development.