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      Efeito de pós vegetais sobre Sitophilus zeamais (Mots., 1855) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Translated title: Effect of plant powders on Sitophilus zeamais (mots., 1855) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)


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          Objetivou-se testar a atividade inseticida de pós vegetais em Sitophilus zeamais. Foram testados os pós de Anadenanthera colubrina (folhas); Annona muricata (sementes); Azadirachta inidica (folhas e flores); Caesalpinia pyramidalis (folhas), Chenopodium ambrosioides (folhas e flores); Cymbopogon sp. (folhas); Cymbopogon citratus (folhas); Momordica charantia (folhas e frutos); Piper nigrum (sementes); e Ricinus communis (folhas). Além disso, avaliou-se o potencial inseticida de folhas e flores de C. ambrosioides em diferentes dosagens. Na avaliação de repelência foi estabelecido um índice de preferência, e utilizado o teste t para comparação das médias das espécies vegetais. Também foi realizada a comparação das médias das plantas que foram classificadas como repelentes. Para avaliação da mortalidade, procedeu-se a análise de variância e a comparação das médias pelo teste de Tukey e também o teste t para comparação das médias dos tratamentos C. ambrosioides e P. nigrum. Os dados de emergência foram analisados pelo teste de Tukey. Para avaliar os dados de mortalidade, ocasionados por C. ambrosioides, determinou-se a CL50 utilizando a análise de Probit. Os dados de emergência foram verificados pela análise de regressão. As plantas que provocaram repelência foram Cymbopogon sp., C. citratus e C. ambrosioides. A planta que mais afetou a sobrevivência da praga foi C. ambrosioides, que provocou mortalidade total dos insetos infestantes e nenhuma emergência. Adultos de S. zeamais são mais suscetíveis a concentração de 0,125 g do pó de C. ambrosioides.

          Translated abstract

          The objective of the present study was to test the insecticidal activity of vegetable powders on Sitophilus zeamais. Powders of Anadenanthera colubrina (leaves); Annona muricata (seed); Azadirachta inidica (leaves and flowers); Caesalpinia pyramidalis (leaves); Chenopodium ambrosioides (leaves and flowers); Cymbopogon sp. (leaves); Cymbopogon citratus (leaves); Momordica charantia (leaves and fruits); Piper nigrum (seed); and Ricinus communis (leaves) were evaluated. In addition, we evaluated the insecticidal potential of leaves and flowers of C. ambrosioides at different dosages. In the evaluation of repellency a preference index was established, and the t test was used to compare the means of plant species. The means of plants that were classified as repellent were also compared. To assess mortality, we proceeded with the analysis of variance and comparison of means by Tukey test and also the t test for comparing the means of the C. ambrosioides and P. nigrum treatments. The emergence data were analyzed by Tukey test. To evaluate the data on mortality caused by C. ambrosioides, the CL50 was determined using Probit analysis. The emergence data were verified by regression analysis. Plants that caused repellency were Cymbopogon sp., C. citratus and C. ambrosioides. The plant that most affected the survival of the pest was C. ambrosioides, which caused total mortality of insect infestations and no adult emergence. Adults of S. zeamais are most susceptible to the concentration of 0.125 g of C. ambrosioides powder.

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          Botanical insecticides, deterrents, and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world.

          Botanical insecticides have long been touted as attractive alternatives to synthetic chemical insecticides for pest management because botanicals reputedly pose little threat to the environment or to human health. The body of scientific literature documenting bioactivity of plant derivatives to arthropod pests continues to expand, yet only a handful of botanicals are currently used in agriculture in the industrialized world, and there are few prospects for commercial development of new botanical products. Pyrethrum and neem are well established commercially, pesticides based on plant essential oils have recently entered the marketplace, and the use of rotenone appears to be waning. A number of plant substances have been considered for use as insect antifeedants or repellents, but apart from some natural mosquito repellents, little commercial success has ensued for plant substances that modify arthropod behavior. Several factors appear to limit the success of botanicals, most notably regulatory barriers and the availability of competing products (newer synthetics, fermentation products, microbials) that are cost-effective and relatively safe compared with their predecessors. In the context of agricultural pest management, botanical insecticides are best suited for use in organic food production in industrialized countries but can play a much greater role in the production and postharvest protection of food in developing countries.
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            Plant products as fumigants for stored-product insect control

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              Efficacy of powder and essential oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides leaves as post-harvest grain protectants against six-stored product beetles


                Author and article information

                Arquivos do Instituto Biológico
                Arq. Inst. Biol.
                Instituto Biológico (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
                March 2013
                : 80
                : 1
                : 91-97
                [02] Rio Largo AL orgnameUniversidade Federal de Alagoas orgdiv1Centro de Ciências Agrárias Brasil
                [05] Fortaleza CE orgnameEmpresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária/CNPAT Brasil
                [01] Maceió AL orgnameUniversidade Federal de Alagoas orgdiv1Rede Nordeste de Biotecnologia Brasil lanazte@ 123456yahoo.com.br
                [03] Recife PE orgnameUniversidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco orgdiv1Departamento de Agronomia Brasil
                [04] Jaboticabal SP orgnameUniversidade Estadual Paulista orgdiv1Departamento de Entomologia Brasil
                S1808-16572013000100013 S1808-1657(13)08000100013

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                : 16 January 2013
                : 04 September 2011
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 20, Pages: 7

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                Artigo Científico

                Inseticidas de origem vegetal,toxidez,gorgulho do milho,Natural insecticides,toxicity,maize weevil


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