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      Research of the core items of Physical Literacy Guidelines for Children and Adolescents

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          Abstract

          Objective Physical literacy is the breakthrough point and fundamental goal to achieve the integration of sports and education, sports and public health and expand the function of physical education. Studying the children and adolescents’ physical literacy is a common responsibility for children and adolescents’ health, sports and health education workers. This article was based on the latest research evidence and expert opinions in China, aiming to develop the core items of physical literacy guidelines for Chinese children and adolescents.

          Methods This article systematically combed the dimensions and index system of children and adolescents’ physical literacy through systematic literature review. After five rounds of Delphi methods, the core items were extracted.

          Results The core items included four interrelated dimensions of body, emotion, behavior, and cognition, which were specifically composed of four components: physical ability, emotional experience, physical activity-related behaviors, and knowledge understanding and application ability.

          Conclusion Children and adolescents are the key periods, sensitive periods, and window periods to cultivate physical literacy. The core items can provide framework recommendations for further refining guidelines. More empirical studies should be carried out in the future, in order to accumulate enough evidences and further to improve Physical Literacy guidelines, better to guide physical literacy promotion.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 身体素养是实现体教融合、体卫融合, 拓展体育教育功能的切人点和根本目标。研究儿童青少年应具备 的身体素养及其实现路径, 是儿童青少年卫生、体育与健康教育工作者共同的责任。本文基于国内外最新研究证据和国内 专家意见, 旨在研制适合中国儿童青少年的身体素养指南核心条目。 方法 本文通过系统文献检索与评价对儿童青少年 身体素养的维度和指标体系进行系统梳理, 经过 5 轮德尔菲 (Delphi) 调査对儿童青少年身体素养指南的核心条目进行提 炼。 结果 儿童青少年身体素养指南核心条目包含身体、情感、行为、认知四个相互关联的维度, 具体由身体能力、情感体 验、身体活动相关行为和知识理解应用能力四个要素构成。 结论 儿童青少年时期是培养身体素养的关键期、敏感期和窗 口期。本研究所梳理出的儿童青少年身体素养指南核心条目, 可为进一步细化指南提供框架性建议。未来可进行更多的 针对中国儿童青少年身体素养的实证研究, 以积累足够的证据, 进一步完善中国儿童青少年身体素养指南, 更好地指导儿 童青少年身体素养促进工作。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 November 2021
          01 December 2021
          : 42
          : 11
          : 1698-1702
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Sport Science/Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education of Exercise and Physical Fitness, Beijing Sport University, Beijing (100084), China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.022
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.022
          045d84a0-ac91-4c64-bf0e-8669d5f6636e
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Growth and development,Physical fitness,Adolescent,Guidebooks,Child

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