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      Estrogen Replacement Therapy with Its Physiological Dose Does Not Eliminate the Aggravating Effect of Ovariectomy on Glomerular Injury in Hypercholesterolemic Female Imai Rats

      , , ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Rats, Glomerulosclerosis, Ovariectomy, Estrogen

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          Abstract

          Hypercholesterolemic Imai rats spontaneously develop proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis, especially in males. Estrogen administration attenuated glomerular injury in male Imai rats, and the aggravating effect of ovariectomy in female rats is found. To clarify whether this aggravating effect of ovariectomy is due to a lack of estrogen, we administered estrogen to ovariectomized female Imai rats. At 6 weeks of age, group 1 (control) was sham-operated and group 2 was ovariectomized. Groups 3 and 4 were ovariectomized and received estrogen replacement therapy (0.1 mg in group 3 and 0.2 mg in group 4 once a month subcutaneously). Body weight, urinary protein and serum constituents were investigated every month from 3 to 6 months of age. At 6 months of age, rats were studied morphologically. Estrogen replacement therapy increased serum estrogen to levels close to those of controls when 0.1 mg was used, or higher when 0.2 mg was used. Estrogen replacement therapy with 0.1 mg did not eliminate the aggravating effect of ovariectomy on glomerular injury and rather aggravated it, but conversely therapy with 0.2 mg attenuated glomerular injury and abolished the aggravating effect of ovariectomy. Estrogen replacement therapy markedly elevated serum GH levels dose-dependently. These results suggested that other hormones as well as estrogen may play a protective role of the ovary for the development of glomerular injury, and that estrogen seems to exert a dual effect on glomerular injury.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1998
          November 1998
          02 November 1998
          : 80
          : 3
          : 324-330
          Affiliations
          Department of Internal Medicine, Saga Medical School, Saga, Japan
          Article
          45193 Nephron 1998;80:324–330
          10.1159/000045193
          9807042
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 5, Tables: 3, References: 27, Pages: 7
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45193
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Ovariectomy, Estrogen, Rats, Glomerulosclerosis

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