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      Experience Report: Deep Learning-based System Log Analysis for Anomaly Detection

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          Abstract

          Logs have been an imperative resource to ensure the reliability and continuity of many software systems, especially large-scale distributed systems. They faithfully record runtime information to facilitate system troubleshooting and behavior understanding. Due to the large scale and complexity of modern software systems, the volume of logs has reached an unprecedented level. Consequently, for log-based anomaly detection, conventional methods of manual inspection or even traditional machine learning-based methods become impractical, which serve as a catalyst for the rapid development of deep learning-based solutions. However, there is currently a lack of rigorous comparison among the representative log-based anomaly detectors which resort to neural network models. Moreover, the re-implementation process demands non-trivial efforts and bias can be easily introduced. To better understand the characteristics of different anomaly detectors, in this paper, we provide a comprehensive review and evaluation on five popular models used by six state-of-the-art methods. Particularly, four of the selected methods are unsupervised and the remaining two are supervised. These methods are evaluated with two publicly-available log datasets, which contain nearly 16 millions log messages and 0.4 million anomaly instances in total. We believe our work can serve as a basis in this field and contribute to the future academic researches and industrial applications.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          13 July 2021
          Article
          2107.05908
          046bce6d-60a9-43b1-83fc-1c5de0a4e090

          http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

          Custom metadata
          cs.SE cs.LG

          Software engineering, Artificial intelligence

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