Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: found
Is Open Access

On-site Rapid Diagnosis of Intracranial Hematoma using Portable Multi-slice Microwave Imaging System

a , 1 , 1

Scientific Reports

Nature Publishing Group

Read this article at

Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      Rapid, on-the-spot diagnostic and monitoring systems are vital for the survival of patients with intracranial hematoma, as their conditions drastically deteriorate with time. To address the limited accessibility, high costs and static structure of currently used MRI and CT scanners, a portable non-invasive multi-slice microwave imaging system is presented for accurate 3D localization of hematoma inside human head. This diagnostic system provides fast data acquisition and imaging compared to the existing systems by means of a compact array of low-profile, unidirectional antennas with wideband operation. The 3D printed low-cost and portable system can be installed in an ambulance for rapid on-site diagnosis by paramedics. In this paper, the multi-slice head imaging system’s operating principle is numerically analysed and experimentally validated on realistic head phantoms. Quantitative analyses demonstrate that the multi-slice head imaging system is able to generate better quality reconstructed images providing 70% higher average signal to clutter ratio, 25% enhanced maximum signal to clutter ratio and with around 60% hematoma target localization compared to the previous head imaging systems. Nevertheless, numerical and experimental results demonstrate that previous reported 2D imaging systems are vulnerable to localization error, which is overcome in the presented multi-slice 3D imaging system. The non-ionizing system, which uses safe levels of very low microwave power, is also tested on human subjects. Results of realistic phantom and subjects demonstrate the feasibility of the system in future preclinical trials.

      Related collections

      Most cited references 26

      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      The dielectric properties of biological tissues: III. Parametric models for the dielectric spectrum of tissues.

      A parametric model was developed to describe the variation of dielectric properties of tissues as a function of frequency. The experimental spectrum from 10 Hz to 100 GHz was modelled with four dispersion regions. The development of the model was based on recently acquired data, complemented by data surveyed from the literature. The purpose is to enable the prediction of dielectric data that are in line with those contained in the vast body of literature on the subject. The analysis was carried out on a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. Parameters are given for 17 tissue types.
        Bookmark
        • Record: found
        • Abstract: found
        • Article: not found

        Complications of intracerebral haemorrhage.

        Intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is the most devastating type of stroke and is a leading cause of disability and mortality. By contrast with advances in ischaemic stroke treatment, few evidence-based targeted treatments exist for ICH. Management of ICH is largely supportive, with strategies aimed at the limitation of further brain injury and the prevention of associated complications, which add further detrimental effects to an already lethal disease and jeopardise clinical outcomes. Complications of ICH include haematoma expansion, perihaematomal oedema with increased intracranial pressure, intraventricular extension of haemorrhage with hydrocephalus, seizures, venous thrombotic events, hyperglycaemia, increased blood pressure, fever, and infections. In view of the restricted number of therapeutic options for patients with ICH, improved surveillance is needed for the prevention of these complications, or, when this is not possible, early detection and optimum management, which could be effective in the reduction of adverse effects early in the course of stroke and in the improvement of prognosis. Further studies are needed to enhance the evidence-based recommendations for the management of this important clinical problem. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
          Bookmark
          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Electrical impedance tomography (EIT): a review.

           B Brown (2015)
          Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) has been the subject of quite intensive research for about 20 years but has yet to become established as a routine tool in healthcare. None the less the volume of published research work in this area is still rising. This review takes a broad look at what has been achieved and attempts to give the reader sufficient information to form an opinion as to the likely future for this interesting area of research.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ]School of ITEE, The University of Queensland , St Lucia, 4072, Brisbane, Australia
            Author notes
            Journal
            Sci Rep
            Sci Rep
            Scientific Reports
            Nature Publishing Group
            2045-2322
            29 November 2016
            2016
            : 6
            27897197 5126641 srep37620 10.1038/srep37620
            Copyright © 2016, The Author(s)

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Categories
            Article

            Uncategorized

            Comments

            Comment on this article