Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Heme Oxygenase-1 Localization in the Rat Nephron

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background/Aims: Renal tubules undergo oxidative injury in various nephropathies. It is unknown whether tubular cells possess mechanisms to attenuate this form of injury. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), the rate-limiting enzyme in heme catabolism, may provide such a mechanism by reducing levels of free heme, a prooxidant molecule, and by limiting activity of heme-containing prooxidant enzymes. Determination of the distribution of HO-1 in the nephron may identify those segments where HO-1 can afford protection against oxidative injury. Methods: Rats were injected subcutaneously with two different inducers of HO-1: Stannous chloride and cobalt protoporphyrin. At completion of injections, frozen sections of kidneys were stained for HO-1 using a biotin-conjugated monoclonal anti-HO-1 antibody. To identify the origin of tubules staining positive for HO-1, Tetragonolobus purpureas (TP)-derived lectin and Arachnis hypogaea (AH)-derived lectin were applied to sequential sections of the kidney cortex. Results: In rats injected with either HO-1 inducer, HO-1 was immunolocalized in tubules but not in glomeruli. Staining of sequential sections with TP-derived lectin, which binds mainly to proximal tubular cells, was negative in the tubules that stained positive for HO-1. Staining of sequential sections with AH-derived lectin, which binds mainly to distal and collecting tubular cells, was positive in those tubules that were also positive for HO-1. Conclusion: In kidneys of rats injected with inducers of HO-1, distal and collecting tubular cells were identified as the main segments of the nephron that express HO-1. We suggest that the distal nephron, by expressing HO-1, may be less vulnerable to oxidative injury.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 2

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Heme oxygenase: protective gene or Trojan horse.

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Tubular atrophy in the end-stage kidney: a lectin and immunohistochemical study.

            Atrophic tubules in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) may have various morphologic appearances: some show microscopic features of "classic" atrophic tubules (thick, wrinkled tubular basement membrane and simplified epithelium), others show "thyroidization" (round tubules with simplified epithelium and casts), and many have the appearance of "endocrine" tubules (small tubules with narrow lumina, clear cells, and relatively thin basement membranes). Other tubules in ESRD may be enlarged and dilated with hypertrophic cells ("super" tubules). The exact segment of the nephron from which these tubules arise in ESRD has not been well studied. We examined paraffin sections of 28 end-stage kidneys with a panel of nephron-segment-specific renal epithelial markers (proximal nephron markers: Tetragonolobus purpureas and Phaseolus vulgaris erythroagglutinin lectins; distal nephron markers: antibodies to epithelial membrane antigen, low molecular weight cytokeratin [AE1/AE3], the lectin Arachis hypogaea, and an antibody to Tamm-Horsfall protein labeling the thick ascending limb of Henle). In addition, an antibody to proliferating cell nuclear antigen was applied to determine the proliferation index (proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive nuclei/all counted nuclei x 100, ie, the percentage of proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive nuclei) of the various atrophic and "super" tubules in ESRD. Classic atrophic tubules and the "super" tubules showed primarily a proximal phenotype. Tubules showing thyroidization were consistently positive with markers of the distal tubular epithelium. "Endocrine" tubules stained primarily with distal tubular markers; however, some proximal staining also was noted. The widened renal interstitium contained single cells or loosely organized small cell clusters positive with both the AE1/AE3 and the epithelial membrane antigen antibodies. Serial sectioning showed that the majority of these single cells were not forming tubules. The proliferation index of the "classic" atrophic tubules was the highest (3.08%), followed by the "super" tubules (2.39%), the "endocrine" tubules (1.58%), and the "thyroid" tubules (1.09%). These indexes are all considerably higher than the proliferation index of the normal renal tubular epithelium. Our findings suggest that different types of tubular atrophy may arise from different segments of the nephron, and that the renal interstitium in ESRD may harbor isolated cells with epithelial characteristics. Furthermore, the end-stage kidney is not a resting organ; on the contrary, it shows a high proliferative activity, particularly in the epithelium of the "classic" atrophic and the "super" tubules.
              Bookmark

              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              2002
              September 2002
              26 September 2002
              : 92
              : 3
              : 660-664
              Affiliations
              aDepartment of Medicine, Nephrology Division, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, N.J., and bDepartment of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, N.Y., USA
              Article
              64113 Nephron 2002;92:660–664
              10.1159/000064113
              12372951
              © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 3, References: 9, Pages: 5
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/64113
              Categories
              Original Paper

              Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

              Tubules, Kidney, Nephron, HO-1

              Comments

              Comment on this article