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      Antimicrobial resistance and the environment: assessment of advances, gaps and recommendations for agriculture, aquaculture and pharmaceutical manufacturing

      1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

      FEMS Microbiology Ecology

      Oxford University Press (OUP)

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          A roundtable discussion held at the fourth International Symposium on the Environmental Dimension of Antibiotic Resistance (EDAR4) considered key issues concerning the impact on the environment of antibiotic use in agriculture and aquaculture, and emissions from antibiotic manufacturing. The critical control points for reducing emissions of antibiotics from agriculture are antibiotic stewardship and the pre-treatment of manure and sludge to abate antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotics are sometimes added to fish and shellfish production sites via the feed, representing a direct route of contamination of the aquatic environment. Vaccination reduces the need for antibiotic use in high value (e.g. salmon) production systems. Consumer and regulatory pressure will over time contribute to reducing the emission of very high concentrations of antibiotics from manufacturing. Research priorities include the development of technologies, practices and incentives that will allow effective reduction in antibiotic use, together with evidence-based standards for antibiotic residues in effluents. All relevant stakeholders need to be aware of the threat of antimicrobial resistance and apply best practice in agriculture, aquaculture and pharmaceutical manufacturing in order to mitigate antibiotic resistance development. Research and policy development on antimicrobial resistance mitigation must be cognizant of the varied challenges facing high and low income countries.

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          Author and article information

          FEMS Microbiology Ecology
          Oxford University Press (OUP)
          December 22 2017
          March 01 2018
          March 2018
          December 22 2017
          March 01 2018
          March 2018
          : 94
          : 3
          [1 ]Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, London, ON, Canada N5V 4T3
          [2 ]Department of Infectious Diseases, Institute of Biomedicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, and Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research (CARe), University of Gothenburg, SE-413 46, Gothenburg, Sweden
          [3 ]USDA-Agriculture Research Service, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
          [4 ]Zoetis, 1930 Zaventem, Belgium
          [5 ]University of Helsinki, Department of Microbiology, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
          © 2018


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