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      Polymer-Based Device Fabrication and Applications Using Direct Laser Writing Technology

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          Abstract

          Polymer materials exhibit unique properties in the fabrication of optical waveguide devices, electromagnetic devices, and bio-devices. Direct laser writing (DLW) technology is widely used for micro-structure fabrication due to its high processing precision, low cost, and no need for mask exposure. This paper reviews the latest research progresses of polymer-based micro/nano-devices fabricated using the DLW technique as well as their applications. In order to realize various device structures and functions, different manufacture parameters of DLW systems are adopted, which are also investigated in this work. The flexible use of the DLW process in various polymer-based microstructures, including optical, electronic, magnetic, and biomedical devices are reviewed together with their applications. In addition, polymer materials which are developed with unique properties for the use of DLW technology are also discussed.

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          Most cited references 124

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          New approaches to nanofabrication: molding, printing, and other techniques.

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            A polymer gel with electrically driven motility

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              Current status and future potential of transdermal drug delivery.

              The past twenty five years have seen an explosion in the creation and discovery of new medicinal agents. Related innovations in drug delivery systems have not only enabled the successful implementation of many of these novel pharmaceuticals, but have also permitted the development of new medical treatments with existing drugs. The creation of transdermal delivery systems has been one of the most important of these innovations, offering a number of advantages over the oral route. In this article, we discuss the already significant impact this field has made on the administration of various pharmaceuticals; explore limitations of the current technology; and discuss methods under exploration for overcoming these limitations and the challenges ahead.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Polymers (Basel)
                Polymers (Basel)
                polymers
                Polymers
                MDPI
                2073-4360
                22 March 2019
                March 2019
                : 11
                : 3
                Affiliations
                [1 ]School of Optoelectronic Engineering and Instrumentation Science, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China; zhenlinwu@ 123456dlut.edu.cn (Z.-L.W.); qiyanan_crystal@ 123456mail.dlut.edu.cn (Y.-N.Q.); yjy@ 123456mail.dlut.edu.cn (J.-Y.Y.); yu_jiachen@ 123456mail.dlut.edu.cn (J.-C.Y.); xiaomengzi@ 123456mail.dlut.edu.cn (Y.-M.L.); huifang@ 123456mail.dlut.edu.cn (F.H.); liupengli@ 123456mail.dlut.edu.cn (P.-L.L.); liangyuxin0318@ 123456mail.dlut.edu.cn (Y.-X.L.); yangzhang@ 123456dlut.edu.cn (Y.Z.)
                [2 ]State Key Laboratory of Integrated Optoelectronics, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100083, China; yinxiaojie@ 123456semi.ac.cn
                [3 ]Henan Shi-Jia Photons Technology Co., Ltd., Hebi 458030, China
                [4 ]Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK; yangx26@ 123456cardiff.ac.uk
                [5 ]College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University State Key Laboratory of Integrated Optoelectronics, JLU Region, Changchun 130012, China; chencm@ 123456jlu.edu.cn
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: mszhao@ 123456dlut.edu.cn ; Tel.: +86-138-8960-3037
                Article
                polymers-11-00553
                10.3390/polym11030553
                6473384
                30960537
                © 2019 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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