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      Four Women of Egypt: Memory, Geopolitics, and the Egyptian Women's Movement during the Nasser and Sadat Eras

      Hypatia

      Wiley

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          Abstract

          This article addresses the Egyptian women's movement of the 1950s–1970s through a recent film entitled Four Women of Egypt, which focuses on the lives of four prominent Egyptian women active in the movement during that period. Using the concept of political memory, the article traces some of the major debates within the women's movement throughout this era. By focusing on the ways in which these women conceptualize the geopolitical, I show that the twin concepts of imperialism and capitalism were central to the ways in which they understood gender. The result was a complex understanding of how gender intersected with Egypt's position within a broader global system of imperial capitalism. Following the transition in the 1970s to an open‐market economy, the women's movement shifted away from critiques of imperialism and capitalism. This shift can be understood Primarily in terms of geopolitics, specifically the rise of neoliberalism in Egypt. New neoliberal policies had dramatic effects on the women's movement, showing why both the rise and fall of the movement must be contextualized geopolitically and transnationally.

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          Most cited references 6

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          Secularism, Gender and the State in the Middle East

           Nadje Al-Ali (2009)
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            Feminists, Islam, and Nation

             Margot Badran (1996)
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              Economic and Political Liberation in Egypt and the Demise of State Feminism

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Hypatia
                Hypatia
                Wiley
                0887-5367
                1527-2001
                2017
                January 01 2020
                2017
                : 32
                : 3
                : 593-608
                Article
                10.1111/hypa.12344
                © 2017

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