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      Potential of insects as food and feed in assuring food security.

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      Annual review of entomology

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          Abstract

          With a growing world population and increasingly demanding consumers, the production of sufficient protein from livestock, poultry, and fish represents a serious challenge for the future. Approximately 1,900 insect species are eaten worldwide, mainly in developing countries. They constitute quality food and feed, have high feed conversion ratios, and emit low levels of greenhouse gases. Some insect species can be grown on organic side streams, reducing environmental contamination and transforming waste into high-protein feed that can replace increasingly more expensive compound feed ingredients, such as fish meal. This requires the development of cost-effective, automated mass-rearing facilities that provide a reliable, stable, and safe product. In the tropics, sustainable harvesting needs to be assured and rearing practices promoted, and in general, the food resource needs to be revalorized. In the Western world, consumer acceptability will relate to pricing, perceived environmental benefits, and the development of tasty insect-derived protein products.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Annu. Rev. Entomol.
          Annual review of entomology
          1545-4487
          0066-4170
          2013
          : 58
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, Wageningen 6700 EH, The Netherlands. arnold.vanhuis@wur.nl
          Article
          10.1146/annurev-ento-120811-153704
          23020616
          053e2ea3-3052-4925-a1cd-b2a164e25afb
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