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      Musculoskeletal complaints in healthcare personnel in hospital : An interdepartmental, cross-sectional comparison

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          The objective of this study is to investigate musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) in healthcare workers (HCWs) in 3 community hospital–based departments [internal medicine (IM), general surgery (GS), and emergency department (ED)] and its effects on the quality of work life (QWL) of hospital HCW.

          This prospective cross-sectional study was performed in the 700-bed community training hospital. All HCW staffed in 3 departments (IM, GS, ED) of the hospital were asked to respond to items in the study data sheet. Enrolled personnel were inquired about their demographic data, work history and schedule, and medical history. The 16-item Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire (CMDQ) Turkish version was applied to evaluate MSC. A total of 216 HCW constituted the study sample and demographic characteristics, history, and clinical findings were analyzed.

          Among all, 103 personnel (47.7%) were women (n = 42, 41.1% in physicians, n = 57, 87.6% in nurses and n = 4, 8% in other HCW) ( P = .000). A total of 173 personnel (79.7%) reported MSC in some part of their bodies. Female personnel had MSC significantly more commonly than males (chi-square = 40.7, P = .000). Numbers and percentages of the personnel with MSC in 3 departments (IM, GS, ED) were 51/61, 52/65, and 70/90, respectively ( P = .67). Total QWL score of those without MSC was significantly higher than others (74.7 + −12 vs 63.2 + −15, respectively; t test, P = .000). Total frequency score of MSC as elicited via CMDQ was significantly higher in those without MSC compared to the others (8.1 + −7.6 vs 0.1 + −0.6, respectively, t test, P = .000).

          Female sex, high-income, university graduation, being a nurse or a physician, and older age impose risk for HCW in hospital with respect to having MSC. Presence of MSC affects QWL negatively.

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          Most cited references 25

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          Work-related musculoskeletal disorders: the epidemiologic evidence and the debate.

          The debate about work-relatedness of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) reflects both confusion about epidemiologic principles and gaps in the scientific literature. The physical ergonomic features of work frequently cited as risk factors for MSDs include rapid work pace and repetitive motion, forceful exertions, non-neutral body postures, and vibration. However, some still dispute the importance of these factors, especially relative to non-occupational causes. This paper addresses the controversy with reference to a major report recently commissioned by the US Congress from the National Research Council (NRC) and Institute of Medicine (IOM) (2001). The available epidemiologic evidence is substantial, but will benefit from more longitudinal data to better evaluate gaps in knowledge concerning latency of effect, natural history, prognosis, and potential for selection bias in the form of the healthy worker effect. While objective measures may be especially useful in establishing a more secure diagnosis, subjective measures better capture patient impact. Examination techniques still do not exist that can serve as a "gold standard" for many of the symptoms that are commonly reported in workplace studies. Finally, exposure assessment has too often been limited to crude indicators, such as job title. Worker self-report, investigator observation, and direct measurement each add to understanding but the lack of standardized exposure metrics limits ability to compare findings among studies. Despite these challenges, the epidemiologic literature on work-related MSDs-in combination with extensive laboratory evidence of pathomechanisms related to work stressors-is convincing to most. The NRC/IOM report concluded, and other reviewers internationally have concurred, that the etiologic importance of occupational ergonomic stressors for the occurrence of MSDs of the low back and upper extremities has been demonstrated.
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            Understanding the burden of musculoskeletal conditions. The burden is huge and not reflected in national health priorities.

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              Static and Dynamic Shoulder Imaging to Predict Initial Effectiveness and Recurrence After Ultrasound-Guided Subacromial Corticosteroid Injections.

              To explore factors contributing to initial effectiveness and recurrence after ultrasound (US)-guided subacromial corticosteroid injections by assessing clinical measurements and static and dynamic shoulder US images.

                Author and article information

                Medicine (Baltimore)
                Medicine (Baltimore)
                Wolters Kluwer Health
                October 2018
                05 October 2018
                : 97
                : 40
                [a ]Department of Emergency Medicine, Haydarpaşa Numune Education and Research Hospital
                [b ]Department of Emergency Medicine, Istanbul Education and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.
                Author notes
                []Correspondence: Özgür Karcioglu, Department of Emergency Medicine, Istanbul Education and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, 34098 Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey (e-mail: okarcioglu@ 123456gmail.com ).
                MD-D-18-00337 12597
                Copyright © 2018 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License 4.0 (CCBY-NC), where it is permissible to download, share, remix, transform, and buildup the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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