Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is an ectopic embryo implantation occurred outside the uterine cavity. Nowadays, more attention have garnered in fast and effective treatment with less side effects. Pristimerin is known as the clinical application for anti-cancer, and the effect on EP therapy is still unclear.
Trophoblast cell line HTR-8/SVneo was used; then, we performed cell counting kit-8 assay, wound healing assay, flow cytometry and real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis (RT-PCR) to detect the cell viability, migration ability, apoptosis and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) under pristimerin treatment. In addition, public bioinformatic database was used to discover the connection between molecular and genes. Finally, we used miRNA transfection and RT-PCR techniques to determine the underlying molecular mechanism.
We revealed that pristimerin inhibited trophoblast cells proliferation, migration and EMT, while induced trophoblast cell apoptosis. Furthermore, expression of miR-542-5p, AGO2 and EGFR was suppressed in HTR-8/SVneo cells post pristimerin treatment, and miR-542-5p silence showed the same effect. Combing pristimerin treatment and miR-542-5p silence showed a synergistic action.