Masami Shimizu a , Hidekazu Ino a , Kazuyasu Okeie a , Yorito Emoto a , Masato Yamaguchi a , Toshihiko Yasuda a , Noboru Fujino a , Hiroyuki Fujii a , Shinichiro Fujita a , Tomohito Mabuchi a , Kenichi Nakajima b , Junichi Taki b , Hiroshi Mabuchi a
04 July 2000
To evaluate the relationship between myocardial scintigraphic abnormalities based on <sup>123</sup>I-radioiodinated 15-( p-iodophenyl)-3 (R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) uptake and cardiac function and the relationship between these abnormalities and long-term prognosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), 27 patients with nonobstructive HCM underwent BMIPP myocardial scintigraphic study, echocardiography, and exercise radionuclide study. Based on the extent of BMIPP scintigraphic defects, the patients were divided into two groups: Group A (n = 19) patients had no or small defects, and group B (n = 8) patients had moderate to large defects. Cardiac events were recorded over an average period of 64 months. The left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions were significantly greater in group B than in group A. The fractional shortening in group B was less than in group A (p = 0.0002). The BMIPP score and fractional shortening at rest correlated significantly (p < 0.05). The BMIPP score and the change in ejection fraction between rest and peak exercise correlated significantly (p < 0.05). While only 1 cardiac event occurred in the 19 patients in group A during a mean follow-up period of 64 months, 6 cardiac events occurred in the 8 patients in group B. The 84-month event-free survival rate was 94.4% in group A and 14.6% in group B (p < 0.01). These results suggest that patients with HCM and moderate to large defects as assessed by BMIPP myocardial scintigraphy have decreased cardiac function and a poor prognosis.