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      Studies on the Attached Cultivation of Filamentous Oleaginous Microalga Tribonema minus

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          Abstract

          Attached cultivation is a promising method for microalgal biomass production. Filamentous oleaginous microalga Tribonema minus (hereafter T. minus) has shown a remarkable potential for biofuel production in terms of its high lipid content. However, the strain has only been cultivated in suspended cultivation systems including open pond and closed photobioreactors. Here, we attempted to study the attached cultivation of T. minus, which might be helpful for its scale-up cultivation and industrial applications. As the results, the optimal conditions for T. minus growth in the attached biofilm are 200 μmol photons m −2 s −1 of light intensity and 5% of CO 2, and the maximum biomass density of 223 g m −2 has been achieved under the light intensity. The non-woven fabric as substratum was found as the best substratum in thin layer attached bioreactor, on which the average biomass productivity of T. minus is about (9.73 ± 2.19) g m −2 d −1. Furthermore, two attached bioreactor systems, rotary drum and rotation disc, were designed following the light dilution strategy and introduced into T. minus cultivation. The highest footprint areal biomass productivity of these two systems is 33 and 47.1 g m −2 d −1, respectively, much higher than that in suspended cultivation system. The results shows that T. minus can be cultured with attached cultivation method to improve its biomass productivity.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JOUC
          Journal of Ocean University of China
          Science Press and Springer (China )
          1672-5182
          02 May 2020
          01 June 2020
          : 19
          : 3
          : 691-699
          Affiliations
          1Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Qingdao 266101, China
          2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
          3Institute of Molecular Agriculture and Bioenergy, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China
          4Dalian National Laboratory for Clean Energy, Dalian 116023, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: WANG Hui, E-mail: wanghui@ 123456qibebt.ac.cn
          Article
          s11802-020-4256-0
          10.1007/s11802-020-4256-0
          Copyright © Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2020.

          The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is hereby assigned for good and valuable consideration to the editorial office of Journal of Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees).

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          Self URI (journal-page): https://www.springer.com/journal/11802

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