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      Educational intervention for promoting stretching exercise behavior among a sample of Iranian office employees: applying the Health Promotion Model

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          Abstract

          Introduction

          Health Promotion Model (HPM) is one comprehensive model by which health behavior predicting factors could be determined.

          Purpose

          This study aimed to investigate the effects of a designed interventional program based on HPM on promoting stretching exercise (SE) behavior among office employees.

          Patients and methods

          This interventional designed study was carried out on 87 office employees who were working in the three health networks affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran. These participants were randomly divided into intervention group (N=44) who complied with educational program based on HPM and control group (N=43) who did not receive the program. The data were collected through a demographic questionnaire and a researcher-made questionnaire based on HPM at three times of baseline, 3- and 6-month follow-ups and analyzed using SPSS version 19.

          Results

          Totally, 40 office employees with mean age of (37.70±7.40) in intervention and 37 ones with mean age of (35.97±7.34) in control group were assessed. At baseline, both groups were the same regarding the HPM constructs of perceived barriers, perceived self-efficacy, commitment to plan, and interpersonal influences ( P>0.05). However, following intervention, there was a significant difference between two groups during 6-month follow-up in all these predictor factors ( P<0.0001). Furthermore, the mean score of SE behavior in intervention group (22.43±6.50) was significantly better than the control group (15.45±0.93) ( P<0.001). The pain severity also in intervention group (1±1.22) also was significantly less than control group (2±2.03) after 6-month follow-up ( P<0.001).

          Conclusion

          The SE educational programs applied in this study were effective for promoting SE among office employees.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 31

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          Effectiveness of workplace interventions in the prevention of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms: an update of the evidence

          The burden of disabling musculoskeletal pain and injuries (musculoskeletal disorders, MSDs) arising from work-related causes in many workplaces remains substantial. There is little consensus on the most appropriate interventions for MSDs. Our objective was to update a systematic review of workplace-based interventions for preventing and managing upper extremity MSD (UEMSD). We followed a systematic review process developed by the Institute for Work & Health and an adapted best evidence synthesis. 6 electronic databases were searched (January 2008 until April 2013 inclusive) yielding 9909 non-duplicate references. 26 high-quality and medium-quality studies relevant to our research question were combined with 35 from the original review to synthesise the evidence on 30 different intervention categories. There was strong evidence for one intervention category, resistance training, leading to the recommendation: Implementing a workplace-based resistance training exercise programme can help prevent and manage UEMSD and symptoms. The synthesis also revealed moderate evidence for stretching programmes, mouse use feedback and forearm supports in preventing UEMSD or symptoms. There was also moderate evidence for no benefit for EMG biofeedback, job stress management training, and office workstation adjustment for UEMSD and symptoms. Messages are proposed for both these and other intervention categories.
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            Effect of cardiorespiratory and strength exercises on disease activity in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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              • Article: not found

              The effectiveness of a neck and shoulder stretching exercise program among office workers with neck pain: a randomized controlled trial.

              To determine the effectiveness of neck and shoulder stretching exercises for relief neck pain among office workers.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                J Pain Res
                J Pain Res
                Journal of Pain Research
                Journal of Pain Research
                Dove Medical Press
                1178-7090
                2019
                22 February 2019
                : 12
                : 733-742
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran, Tavafian@ 123456modares.ac.ir
                [2 ]Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, PO Box 14115-111, Tehran, Iran, Tel +98 218 288 4547, Fax +98 218 288 4555, Email Tavafian@ 123456modares.ac.ir
                Article
                jpr-12-733
                10.2147/JPR.S183410
                6391131
                © 2019 Delshad et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited

                The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.

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                Original Research

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