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Chemical Pesticides and Human Health: The Urgent Need for a New Concept in Agriculture

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      Abstract

      The industrialization of the agricultural sector has increased the chemical burden on natural ecosystems. Pesticides are agrochemicals used in agricultural lands, public health programs, and urban green areas in order to protect plants and humans from various diseases. However, due to their known ability to cause a large number of negative health and environmental effects, their side effects can be an important environmental health risk factor. The urgent need for a more sustainable and ecological approach has produced many innovative ideas, among them agriculture reforms and food production implementing sustainable practice evolving to food sovereignty. It is more obvious than ever that the society needs the implementation of a new agricultural concept regarding food production, which is safer for man and the environment, and to this end, steps such as the declaration of Nyéléni have been taken.

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      Most cited references 146

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      Insecticide resistance in insect vectors of human disease.

      Insecticide resistance is an increasing problem in many insect vectors of disease. Our knowledge of the basic mechanisms underlying resistance to commonly used insecticides is well established. Molecular techniques have recently allowed us to start and dissect most of these mechanisms at the DNA level. The next major challenge will be to use this molecular understanding of resistance to develop novel strategies with which we can truly manage resistance. State-of-the-art information on resistance in insect vectors of disease is reviewed in this context.
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        Consequences of climate change for European agricultural productivity, land use and policy

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            1Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens , Athens, Greece
            2Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek (VITO) , Mol, Belgium
            Author notes

            Edited by: Robin Mesnage, King’s College London, UK

            Reviewed by: M. Jahangir Alam, University of Houston College of Pharmacy, USA; Angelika Hilbeck, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

            *Correspondence: Polyxeni Nicolopoulou-Stamati, aspis@ 123456ath.forthnet.gr

            Specialty section: This article was submitted to Environmental Health, a section of the journal Frontiers in Public Health

            Contributors
            URI : http://frontiersin.org/people/u/285954
            URI : http://frontiersin.org/people/u/295502
            URI : http://frontiersin.org/people/u/295510
            Journal
            Front Public Health
            Front Public Health
            Front. Public Health
            Frontiers in Public Health
            Frontiers Media S.A.
            2296-2565
            18 July 2016
            2016
            : 4
            27486573
            4947579
            10.3389/fpubh.2016.00148
            Copyright © 2016 Nicolopoulou-Stamati, Maipas, Kotampasi, Stamatis and Hens.

            This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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            Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 165, Pages: 8, Words: 7644
            Categories
            Public Health
            Review

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