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      Chemometric analysis of gas chromatography–mass spectrometry data using fast retention time alignment via a total ion current shift function

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      Talanta

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          A critical comparison of methods for correcting severely retention time shifted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) data is presented. The method reported herein is an adaptation to the piecewise alignment algorithm to quickly align severely shifted one-dimensional (1D) total ion current (TIC) data, then applying these shifts to broadly align all mass channels throughout the separation, referred to as a TIC shift function (SF). The maximum shift varied from (-) 5s in the beginning of the chromatographic separation to (+) 20s toward the end of the separation, equivalent to a maximum shift of over 5 peak widths. Implementing the TIC shift function (TIC SF) prior to Fisher Ratio (F-Ratio) feature selection and then principal component analysis (PCA) was found to be a viable approach to classify complex chromatograms, that in this study were obtained from GC-MS separations of three gasoline samples serving as complex test mixtures, referred to as types C, M and S. The reported alignment algorithm via the TIC SF approach corrects for large dynamic shifting in the data as well as subtle peak-to-peak shifts. The benefits of the overall TIC SF alignment and feature selection approach were quantified using the degree-of-class separation (DCS) metric of the PCA scores plots using the type C and M samples, since they were the most similar, and thus the most challenging samples to properly classify. The DCS values showed an increase from an initial value of essentially zero for the unaligned GC-TIC data to a value of 7.9 following alignment; however, the DCS was unchanged by feature selection using F-Ratios for the GC-TIC data. The full mass spectral data provided an increase to a final DCS of 13.7 after alignment and two-dimensional (2D) F-Ratio feature selection. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Talanta
          Talanta
          Elsevier BV
          00399140
          April 15 2010
          April 15 2010
          : 81
          : 1-2
          : 120-128
          10.1016/j.talanta.2009.11.046
          20188897
          © 2010

          https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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