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      Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Trends and Related Factors in Norway

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Mortality, Risk factors, Management, Trends, Coronary heart disease

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          Abstract

          The coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality rates for men aged 35–44 years decreased by 25% from 1966–70 to 1976–80. In older age groups only a modest decline was observed. The decrease in CHD mortality is probably due to a decrease in incidence. The reason for the decline is not known, but some changes in health-related behaviour have occurred in Norway, probably already starting in the 1960s. There was an increase in meat, sugar and total fat consumption and a decrease in the intake of cereals both before and after the Second World War. These trends seem to have slowed down and in a recent survey 44% of the population reported changes towards a low fat diet. The percentage of non-smokers is increasing, particularly since 1975–76. Physical activity in leisure time has increased since the mid-70s but there are social gradients with the most active subjects being recruited from the higher social strata. The improved medical care of CHD patients is not thought to have had a major impact upon the decline in the mortality rates. The most probable explanation for the changes is an increase of non-smokers and a turn towards a less coronary prone diet.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-4015-5
          978-3-318-01556-0
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1985
          1985
          11 November 2008
          : 72
          : 1-2
          : 52-58
          Affiliations
          Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Norway
          Article
          173841 Cardiology 1985;72:52–58
          10.1159/000173841
          3872173
          © 1985 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Changing Trends in Coronary Heart Disease Mortality. Possible Explanations

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