Masato Karayama 1 , Naoki Inui 1 , 2 , Hideki Yasui 1 , Masato Kono 1 , Hironao Hozumi 1 , Yuzo Suzuki 1 , Kazuki Furuhashi 1 , Dai Hashimoto 1 , Noriyuki Enomoto 1 , Tomoyuki Fujisawa 1 , Yutaro Nakamura 1 , Hiroshi Watanabe 2 , Takafumi Suda 1
24 June 2019
The diagnosis and severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are defined by airflow limitation using spirometry. However, COPD has diverse clinical features, and several phenotypes based on non-spirometric data have been investigated. To identify novel phenotypes of COPD using radiologic data obtained by three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT).
The inner luminal area and wall thickness of third- to sixth-generation bronchi and the percentage of the low-attenuation area (less than −950 HU) of the lungs were measured using 3D-CT in patients with COPD. Using the radiologic data, hierarchical clustering was performed. Respiratory reactance and resistance were measured to evaluate functional differences among the clusters.
Four clusters were identified among 167 patients with COPD: Cluster I, mild emphysema with severe airway changes, severe airflow limitation, and high exacerbation risk; Cluster II, mild emphysema with moderate airway changes, mild airflow limitation, and mild dyspnea; Cluster III, severe emphysema with moderate airway changes, severe airflow limitation, and increased dyspnea; and Cluster IV, moderate emphysema with mild airway changes, mild airflow limitation, low exacerbation risk, and mild dyspnea. Cluster I had the highest respiratory resistance among the four clusters. Clusters I and III had higher respiratory reactance than Clusters II and IV.