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      Prevalence of childhood asthma in China from 2011 to 2018: a Meta-analysis

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristic of the prevalence of aasthma in children in China, and to provide clues for the prevention and treatment of asthma in China.

          Methods A systematical literature retrieval on children asthma prevalence from CNKI, WanFang Data, VIP and PubMed databases was performed. Random effects model was used to calculate the combined prevalence of asthma and its 95% confidence interval ( CI) with Stata 16.0 software, the subgroup analysis was conducted according to sex, age and region.

          Results A total of 26 studies were included, including 213 729 children, 112 169 boys and 101 560 girls. Meta-analysis showed that the combined prevalence of asthma in children aged 14 and under in China was 3.3% (95% CI = 2.7%-4.0%). The subgroup analysis showed that the prevalence of asthma in boys was higher than that in girls ( Q =11.42, P = 0.01). The prevalence of asthma in preschool children aged 4-6 was higher than that in infants aged 0-3 and school children aged 7-14 ( Q = 8.03, P = 0.02). And there was no significant discrepancy of the asthma prevalence among children between the north and south ( Q = 0.72, P>0.05) .

          Conclusion The prevalence of childhood asthma in China presented an increasing trend. Our findings underscore more efforts to control and prevent asthma among children.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 通过了解中国儿童哮喘患病率的流行病学特点, 为儿童哮喘防治工作提供线索。 方法 系统收集中 国知网、万方数据库、维普、PubMed 数据库中与儿童哮喘患病率相关的横断面研究, 应用 Stata 16.0 软件进行Meta分析, 采 用随机效应模型计算患病率, 并按性别、年龄、地区进行亚组分析。 结果 共纳人 26 篇文献, 研究对象 213 729 人, 男童 112 169 名, 女童 101 560 名。Meta分析结果显示, 中国 14 岁及以下儿童哮喘总患病率为 3.3% (95% CI =2.7%~4.0%)。亚 组分析结果显示, 中国男童哮喘患病率高于女童( Q =11.42, P = 0.01), 4〜6 岁组儿童哮喘患病率高于 0〜3 及 7〜14 岁组儿 童 ( Q = 8.03, P = 0.02), 南、北方儿童哮喘患病率差异无统计学意义 ( Q = 0.72, P>0.05)。 结论 中国儿童哮喘患病率呈上 升趋势, 建议加大哮喘防治力度。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 August 2020
          01 August 2020
          : 41
          : 8
          : 1208-1211
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Child Health and Maternal Care, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing (100069), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: Hu Yifei, E-mail: huyifei@ 123456yahoo.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.08.023
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.08.023
          06e02dfe-862e-4e86-8ea0-51b483020a5e
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Child,Meta-analysis,Prevalence,Asthma

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