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      Antibiotics and Energy Delivery to the Phagocytosis-Associated Respiratory Burst in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients: A Comparison of Cefodizime and Cotrimoxazole

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          Abstract

          Twenty-three stabilized chronic uremic patients with no active or recent infection were treated for 10 days with either cefodizime (5 × 2 g intravenously, n = 10) or cotrimoxazole (960 mg orally b.i.d., n = 8) in order to evaluate the effects on the depressed polymorphonuclear metabolic response to phagocytic challenge; a separate group of 5 patients received placebo. Ex vivo evaluation in whole blood of energy delivery to the phagocytosis-associated respiratory burst activity in response to latex and zymosan challenge was determined by measuring hexose-monophosphate shunt NAD(P)H-oxidase-related glycolytic activity. Cefodizime induced a statistically significant increase in the baseline-depressed glycolytic response for both latex and zymosan challenge, in contrast to cotrimoxazole and placebo. Depressed phagocytosis-related metabolic function in hemodialyzed patients was stimulated by cefodizime in recommended therapeutic doses but not by cotrimoxazole, the effect persisting for at least 2 weeks after the end of treatment.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1993
          1993
          12 December 2008
          : 63
          : 1
          : 65-72
          Affiliations
          aNephrology Department, University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; bClinical Research Anti-Infectives, Hoechst AG, Frankfurt/Main, FRG
          Article
          187145 Nephron 1993;63:65–72
          10.1159/000187145
          8446254
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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