Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Identification of a malignant counterpart of the monocyte-dendritic cell progenitor in an acute myeloid leukemia.

      1 , , ,

      Blood

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Myeloblasts derived from the peripheral blood of a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (ORL47) were found to represent the malignant counterpart of the newly elucidated monocyte-dendritic cell colony-forming unit (mono-DC-CFU). The specific cytokine conditions require to achieve intermediate and terminal maturation of DCs and monocytes from these progenitors were defined. With tumor necrosis factor (TNF) + granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) + stem cell factor treatment numerous colony-like clusters developed. In contrast with normal DC development, further advancement of mono-DC-CFU and terminal DC maturation from the leukemic cells were dependent on the addition of interleukin-6. Functional and phenotypic analysis showed that the capacity to differentiate was maintained fully in the DC compartment, but only partially in the monocyte compartment, as judged by the lack of CD14 surface expression. Cells found at intermediate stages of DC development were potent stimulators of a mixed leukocyte reaction, a function usually attributed to mature DCs. As previously shown for normal DC development, antibodies to TNF alpha and GM-CSF blocked proliferative responses and DC growth. The importance of these observations in the classification of leukemias, normal DC development, and potential clinical strategies is discussed.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          Blood
          Blood
          0006-4971
          0006-4971
          Nov 01 1994
          : 84
          : 9
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Division of Rheumatology/Allergy, Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, NY.
          7949177

          Comments

          Comment on this article