Confocal microscopy is an excellent method for studying the localization of fluorescent stains. Used in this way, superior 3D images can be obtained from multiple optical sections with very shallow depth of field. The main advantage of this technique is that the sample is not damaged. We have taken serial confocal sections of hair and via specific image enhancement routines have obtained high-quality 3D images enabling the visualization of cuticle scale and its pattern of distribution. This has been done on various types of hair: bleached, permed and in certain pathological conditions. This first step will allow us to characterize the hair surface in terms of its roughness, and the distribution and form of cuticular scale, parameters that have potential in the assessment of dermocosmetic efficacy.