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      Nanocrystal engineering of noble metals and metal chalcogenides: controlling the morphology, composition and crystallinity

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          A DNA-based method for rationally assembling nanoparticles into macroscopic materials.

          Colloidal particles of metals and semiconductors have potentially useful optical, optoelectronic and material properties that derive from their small (nanoscopic) size. These properties might lead to applications including chemical sensors, spectroscopic enhancers, quantum dot and nanostructure fabrication, and microimaging methods. A great deal of control can now be exercised over the chemical composition, size and polydispersity of colloidal particles, and many methods have been developed for assembling them into useful aggregates and materials. Here we describe a method for assembling colloidal gold nanoparticles rationally and reversibly into macroscopic aggregates. The method involves attaching to the surfaces of two batches of 13-nm gold particles non-complementary DNA oligonucleotides capped with thiol groups, which bind to gold. When we add to the solution an oligonucleotide duplex with 'sticky ends' that are complementary to the two grafted sequences, the nanoparticles self-assemble into aggregates. This assembly process can be reversed by thermal denaturation. This strategy should now make it possible to tailor the optical, electronic and structural properties of the colloidal aggregates by using the specificity of DNA interactions to direct the interactions between particles of different size and composition.
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            A study of the nucleation and growth processes in the synthesis of colloidal gold

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              Synthesis of thiol-derivatised gold nanoparticles in a two-phase Liquid–Liquid system

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRECF4
                CrystEngComm
                CrystEngComm
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                1466-8033
                2015
                2015
                : 17
                : 20
                : 3727-3762
                Article
                10.1039/C5CE00112A
                © 2015
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C5CE00112A

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