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      Productos de la colmena recolectados y procesados por las abejas: Miel, polen y propóleos

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          Abstract

          Las abejas procesan diversos materiales recolectados de la naturaleza para producir miel a partir del néctar y la mielada, polen apícola con el polen de los estambres florales y propóleos con las resinas vegetales. En esta revisión se presentan las funciones de la miel, el polen y el propóleos en la colmena, sus definiciones, composición, usos, forma de recolección por el apicultor, y los requisitos de calidad. Se discute la utilidad de las normas de miel de abejas, y se contrasta con la ausencia de normas para polen y propóleos en Venezuela. Finalmente, se opina sobre la higiene de estos productos de la colmena.

          Translated abstract

          Bees process a number of materials collected from nature to produce honey from nectar and honeydew, bee pollen from floral pollen, and propolis from plant resins. In this review, are presented the functions of honey, pollen and propolis in the hive, their definitions, composition, harvesting by beekeepers, and quality standards. A discussion of honey regulations is contrasted with the absence of pollen and propolis regulations in Venezuela. Finally, a concern on the hygiene of these bee products is given.

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          Most cited references35

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          Propolis: A Review

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            Phenolic compounds from Brazilian propolis with pharmacological activities.

            Four compounds were isolated from Brazilian propolis. They are identified as: (1) 3-prenyl-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (PHCA), (2) 2,2-dimethyl-6-carboxyethenyl-2H-1-benzopyrane (DCBEN), (3) 3,5-diprenyl-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (DHCA), and (4) 2,2-dimethyl-6-carboxyethenyl-8-prenyl-2H-1-benzopyran (DPB). The structures of the compounds were determined by MS and NMR techniques. All compounds were assayed against Trypanosoma cruzi and the bacteria Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus faecalis. Compounds (1) to (4) were active against T. cruzi. Except (1), all compounds presented activity against the bacteria tested. When compounds (1)-(3) were tested in the guinea pig isolated trachea, all induced a relaxant effect similar to propolis extract.
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              Propolis: chemical composition, biological properties and therapeutic activity

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                inhrr
                Revista del Instituto Nacional de Higiene Rafael Rangel
                INHRR
                Instituto Nacional de Higiene Rafael Rangel (Caracas, DF, Venezuela )
                0798-0477
                July 2004
                : 35
                : 2
                : 32-39
                Affiliations
                [01] Mérida orgnameUniversidad de Los Andes orgdiv1Facultad de Farmacia y Bioanálisis orgdiv2Departamento Ciencia de los Alimentos vit@ 123456ula.ve
                Article
                S0798-04772004000200006 S0798-0477(04)03500206
                0766b309-10d6-4e3b-a8cc-c1914493baa2

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 8
                Product

                SciELO Venezuela

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                polen,requisitos de calidad,propóleos,miel,colmena,abejas,quality standards,propolis,pollen,honey,beehive,quality,bees

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