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      Alpha 2A-adrenergic receptor stimulated calcium release is transduced by Gi-associated G(beta gamma)-mediated activation of phospholipase C.

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          Abstract

          Proposed mechanisms by which alpha 2-adrenergic receptors (alpha 2AR) regulate intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) include stimulation and inhibition of cell surface calcium channels, stimulation of calcium release via receptor coupling to Gq with subsequent activation of phospholipase C and release of IP3, or stimulation of calcium release via coupling to Gi in an IP3-independent manner. These potential mechanisms were explored in cells that expressed alpha(2A)AR endogenously (HEL cells), permanently transfected CHO cells, and transiently transfected COS-7 cells. Each cell type displayed agonist (UK14304)-dependent increases in [Ca2+]i that were blocked by yohimbine, ablated by pertussis toxin, and largely unaffected by chelation of extracellular calcium. Furthermore, calcium release was associated with IP3 accumulation and was blocked by an inhibitor of phospholipase C (PLC). When expressed in CHO cells, a mutated alpha(2A)AR which has the amino and carboxyl termini of the third intracellular loop substituted with beta 2AR sequence poorly coupled to Gi in adenylyl cyclase assays, and likewise displayed virtually no coupling to increased [Ca2+]i. These results all point toward a Gi- versus a Gq-mediated coupling pathway triggering release of intracellular calcium stores. The possibility that G(beta gamma) subunits released from alpha(2A)AR-Gi coupling is the mechanism of PLC activation was explored in COS-7 cells by coexpressing alpha(2A)AR with the G(beta gamma) inhibitors transducin or a carboxy-terminal portion of the beta AR kinase. Both beta gamma inhibitors markedly inhibited alpha(2A)AR modulation of [Ca2+]i while not affecting thromboxane A2 receptor mediated stimulation of [Ca2+]i via Gq coupling. Thus, alpha(2A)AR couple to calcium release via Gi-associated G(beta gamma) subunits. This coupling is present in multiple cell types and should be considered a major signal transduction pathway of this receptor.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Biochemistry
          Biochemistry
          American Chemical Society (ACS)
          0006-2960
          0006-2960
          May 27 1997
          : 36
          : 21
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Division of Cardiology, University of Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0564, USA.
          Article
          bi970080s
          10.1021/bi970080s
          9174358
          077b8ac9-82ee-46ed-b4da-9bfd7cb7e6dc
          History

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