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      Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty in Patients with Severely Depressed Left Ventricular Function

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          Abstract

          Among nearly 2,000 consecutive percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) patients, 42 patients (36 male, 6 female; mean age 60 ± 11 years) with mainly unstable angina had ejection fractions of < 35% (mean 30 ± 5%). All patients had previous myocardial infarctions; 31 (= 74%) had multivessel disease. Successful procedure was achieved in 35 of the 42 (= 83%) patients, 31 of 35 (= 89%) stenoses could be successfully dilated and 9 of 15 (= 60%) occlusions reopened. In-hospital mortality was 2.4%. Follow-up angiography in 22 of the 35 patients who had been successfully treated showed significant improvement of ejection fraction from 29 ± 5 to 36 ± 7%. At clinical follow-up 19 ± 14 months (2-53 months) after the procedure, nearly all surviving patients were in anginal class I or II, 5 had died from cardiac and 1 from noncardiac causes. Thus, PTCA in patients with severely depressed left ventricular function shows acceptable acute results; attenuation of ventricular dysfunction and continued symptomatic improvement can be achieved. However, late outcome is significantly worse than in patients with normal ventricular function.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1993
          1993
          18 November 2008
          : 83
          : 5-6
          : 358-366
          Affiliations
          Department of Internal Medicine II, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, FRG
          Article
          175992 Cardiology 1993;83:358–366
          10.1159/000175992
          8111769
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Catheterization and Interventional Cardiology

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