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      Technetium-99m Sestamibi/Tetrofosmin Myocardial Perfusion Scanning in Cardiac and Noncardiac Sarcoidosis

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          Abstract

          Left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) involvement in sarcoidosis must be firmly confirmed to determine patients’ prognosis. We examined whether myocardial perfusion images using technetium-99m single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) have a diagnostic benefit in the evaluation of biventricular involvement. Sixteen patients with sarcoidosis, aged 21–78 (54 ± 12) years old, 5 males and 11 females, complicated with cardiac disease (cardiac sarcoidosis, n = 6) including tachyarrhythmias of ventricular origin (n = 5), atrioventricular block (n = 4), and congestive heart failure (NYHA ≧ II, n = 1), were enrolled in this study. Myocardial SPECT using technetium-99m sestamibi or tetrofosmin was performed and semiquantitatively scored for comparison with 25 control subjects. Perfusion abnormalities were more frequently recognized in sarcoidosis (LV 5/16, 31% and RV 14/16, 88% vs. LV 0/25, 0% and RV 8/25, 32% in controls). LV involvement had a close correlation with atrioventricular block and with congestive heart failure, and multiple sites of RV involvement correlated with ventricular tachyarrhythmia of RV origin. Total number of defect segments were highest in cardiac sarcoidosis (18/30, 60% vs. 19/60, 32% in noncardiac sarcoidosis, and 11/150, 7% in controls, p = 0.0001), and semiquantitatively evaluated total LV and RV scores (ranging from 0 to 18) were higher than those of controls (15.1 ± 1.8 vs. 11.4 ± 3.0 in noncardiac sarcoidosis, and 9.0 ± 5.0 in cardiac sarcoidosis) and exhibited a significant positive linear correlation with the RV ejection fraction (y = 19.8 + 1.83x, r = 0.786, p = 0.001). Biventricular SPECT using technetium-99m is clinically useful for the noninvasive evaluation of both ventricular involvements in sarcoidosis.

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          Simultaneous Assessment of Right Ventricular Function and Hypertrophy by Tc-99m MIBI

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            CRD
            Cardiology
            10.1159/issn.0008-6312
            Cardiology
            S. Karger AG
            0008-6312
            1421-9751
            2000
            February 2001
            02 March 2001
            : 94
            : 3
            : 193-199
            Affiliations
            aSecond and bThird Departments of Internal Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, and cDepartment of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sapporo JR Hospital, Sapporo, Japan
            Article
            47316 Cardiology 2000;94:193–199
            10.1159/000047316
            11279326
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 3, Tables: 1, References: 26, Pages: 7
            Categories
            Diagnostic Cardiology

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