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      Culturally Competent Practice: A Mixed Methods Study Among Students, Academics and Alumni of Clinical Psychology Master’s Programs in the Netherlands

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          This is the first research into preparation for multicultural clinical psychology practice in Europe. It applies the theory of multicultural counselling competency (MCC) to a case study in the Netherlands. It was hypothesized that cross-cultural practice experience, identification as a cultural minority, and satisfaction with cultural training was associated with MCC. The Multicultural Awareness Knowledge and Skills Survey was completed by 106 participants (22 students, 10 academics, 74 alumni) from clinical psychology masters’ programs. MANOVA detected a main effect of cross-cultural experience on MCC for all groups and universities. The data were enriched with exploratory qualitative data from 14 interviews (5 students, 5 academics, 4 alumni). Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis revealed three themes: limitations of clinical psychology, strategies for culturally competent practice, and strategies for cultural competency development. These outcomes suggest that cultural competency continues to require attention in master’s programs. The paper makes recommendations for further research enquiry related to training clinical psychologists to practice in Europe’s multicultural societies.

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          Most cited references 38

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          The weirdest people in the world?

          Behavioral scientists routinely publish broad claims about human psychology and behavior in the world's top journals based on samples drawn entirely from Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic (WEIRD) societies. Researchers - often implicitly - assume that either there is little variation across human populations, or that these "standard subjects" are as representative of the species as any other population. Are these assumptions justified? Here, our review of the comparative database from across the behavioral sciences suggests both that there is substantial variability in experimental results across populations and that WEIRD subjects are particularly unusual compared with the rest of the species - frequent outliers. The domains reviewed include visual perception, fairness, cooperation, spatial reasoning, categorization and inferential induction, moral reasoning, reasoning styles, self-concepts and related motivations, and the heritability of IQ. The findings suggest that members of WEIRD societies, including young children, are among the least representative populations one could find for generalizing about humans. Many of these findings involve domains that are associated with fundamental aspects of psychology, motivation, and behavior - hence, there are no obvious a priori grounds for claiming that a particular behavioral phenomenon is universal based on sampling from a single subpopulation. Overall, these empirical patterns suggests that we need to be less cavalier in addressing questions of human nature on the basis of data drawn from this particularly thin, and rather unusual, slice of humanity. We close by proposing ways to structurally re-organize the behavioral sciences to best tackle these challenges.
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            Development of reliable and valid short forms of the marlowe-crowne social desirability scale

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              How does intergroup contact reduce prejudice? Meta-analytic tests of three mediators


                Author and article information

                Eur J Psychol
                Eur J Psychol
                Europe's Journal of Psychology
                March 2018
                12 March 2018
                : 14
                : 1
                : 88-106
                [a ]Institute of Cultural Anthropology and Development Sociology, Leiden University , Leiden, the Netherlands
                [b ]College of Arts, Society and Education, James Cook University , Townsville, Australia
                [c ]School of Psychology, The Cairnmillar Institute , Melbourne, Australia
                [d ]Department of Psychology, James Cook University , Townsville, Australia
                [e ]Department of Psychology, Leiden University , Leiden, the Netherlands
                [f ]Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands
                [g ]Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University , Maastricht, the Netherlands
                Webster University Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
                The Maria Grzegorzewska University, Warsaw, Poland
                Author notes
                [* ]Institute of Cultural Anthropology and Development Sociology, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9555, 2300 RA Leiden, the Netherlands. l.r.c.geerlings@

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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