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      Exclusive breastfeeding practices reported by mothers and the introduction of additional liquids

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          Abstract

          Aim:

          To assess the concept of exclusive breastfeeding held by nursing women by comparing the period they consider that they perform it and the infants' age at the introduction of additional liquids.

          METHOD:

          Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted with 309 women who delivered babies at a university hospital in the interior of São Paulo, Brazil. The data were subjected to descriptive analysis; the variables of interest were crossed using the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test, the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test.

          RESULTS:

          Approximately 30% of the women reported having introduced additional liquids before the infants reached aged six months old, while asserting that they were performing exclusive breastfeeding. The following variables were associated with early introduction of liquids: lack of employment (p = 0.0386), younger maternal age (p = 0.0159) and first pregnancy (p = 0.003).

          CONCLUSION:

          The concept of exclusive breastfeeding might not be fully clear to women, as they seem to believe that it means not to feed the children other types of milk but that giving other liquids is allowed. These results show that promotion of breastfeeding should take beliefs and values into consideration to achieve effective dialogue and understanding with mothers.

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          Most cited references 52

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          Infant and young child feeding: model chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals

           WHO WHO (2009)
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            Non-parametric satistics for the behavioural sciences

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              Infant and young child feeding Model Chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals

              (2009)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Rev Lat Am Enfermagem
                Rev Lat Am Enfermagem
                Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
                Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
                0104-1169
                1518-8345
                Feb-Apr 2015
                : 23
                : 2
                : 283-290
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Undergraduate student in Nursing, Faculdade de Enfermagem, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Schorlarship holder from Programa Institucional de Bolsas de Iniciação Científica (PIBIC), Brazil
                [2 ]RN graduated in Faculdade de Enfermagem, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Schorlarship holder from Programa Institucional de Bolsas de Iniciação Científica (PIBIC), Brazil
                [3 ]Post-doctoral fellow, School of Nursing, University of Texas, Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, United States. Professor, Faculdade de Enfermagem, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Schorlarship holder from Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), Brazil
                [4 ]PhD, RN, Hospital da Mulher "Prof. Dr. José Aristodemo Pinotti", Centro de Atenção Integral à Saúde da Mulher, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
                [5 ]PhD, Professor, Faculdade de Enfermagem, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
                Author notes
                Corresponding Author: Alessandra Marcuz de Souza Campos Rua do Trabalho, 67, Apto. 51 Vila Independência CEP: 13418-220, Piracicaba, SP, Brasil E-mail: lemocuishle@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                10.1590/0104-1169.0141.2553
                4459002
                26039299

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 12, Equations: 0, References: 19, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Original Articles

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